birth rate

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Related to birth rate: Crude birth rate

birth rate:

see vital statisticsvital statistics,
primarily records of the number of births and deaths in a population. Other factors, such as number of marriages and causes of death, by age groups, are regularly included.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

birth rate

the number of live births per 1000 people of all ages in one year. In post-World War II UK the birth rate rose until the mid-1960s and has since declined. Since 1951 the highest birth rate was in 1964 with 18.8 live births per 1000 people, and the lowest was in 1977 with 11.7 live births per 1000 people.

The overall birth rate is sometimes referred to as the crude birth rate. Various other ‘age specific measures of the rate can be calculated to provide more reliable projections of POPULATION trends. There is some suggestion that birth rate changes may be related to economic cycles, but this is not a simple relationship. Variables affecting birth rate, including length of marriage, the age structure of the population and contraceptive methods used, interact in a complex manner with economic factors. See also DEATH RATE, FERTILITY, DEMOGRAPHY, FECUNDITY. DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION, POPULATION.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000

birth rate

[′bərth ‚rāt]
The ratio between the number of live births and a specified number of people in a population over a given period of time.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Others think the falling birth rates are a good thing, maybe excellent, clearing the way to a brighter and more comfortable future.
According to the Nairobi-based Nation newspaper, the main reason for the birth rate stagnation and increase is "erratic supply of contraceptives, particularly the pill, after donors, who provide over 80 percent of the funds, decided to channel a substantial amount of their resources toward HIV/AIDS treatment programs:' Consequently, the percentage of women using contraceptives stagnated at 39 percent, according to the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey.
* The birth rates for women aged 40-44 years rose 5% between 2002 and 2003 from 8.3 to 8.7 births per 1,000 women.
According to recent figures, the birth rate in the United States is back close to replacement levels and, thanks to immigration, their population is on the rise, above the most optimistic projections made following the 1990 census.
* The birth rate for females 15 to 19 years of age declined 2 percent to 48.5 per 1,000 in 2000, another record low for the nation.
If you're skeptical that institutionalized sexism can depress the birth rate, just look at Japan, which has been suffering for years from what American University law professor Joan Williams, director of its gender, family and work program, calls the "rent-strike solution" to sex discrimination.
"The real story is that the average birth rate in all developing countries is about four per person, down from six per person, but that rate needs to go to two per person to be stable, so we're halfway there."
The data did suggest that there is an inverse relationship between birth rates and the structure of the economy.
This reversal may reflect, in part, the recent increases in the birth rate (chart 8).
This birth rate paranoia has regularly appeared throughout history in the writings and discourses of every fascist leadership including that of Nazi Germany, Apartheid South Africa, Likud Israel, and Imperial Japan.
Their research showed that the live birth rate dropped by almost 8 percent in the second half of 2016.
Births in Taiwan ranged between about 310,000 to 340,000 from 1986 to 1997, with a crude birth rate of above 15 per 1,000 people, but then started falling precipitously in 1998 to just over 200,000 births and crude birth rates below 10 per 1,000 people by the mid-2000s.