trillium(redirected from birthroot)
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wake-robin(trĭl`ēəm), any plant of the large genus Trillium, attractive spring wildflowers of the family Liliaceae (lilylily,
common name for the Liliaceae, a plant family numbering several thousand species of as many as 300 genera, widely distributed over the earth and particularly abundant in warm temperate and tropical regions.
..... Click the link for more information. family), native to North America and E Asia. The leaves, petals, and sepals are characteristically in threes, and the single flower may be white, pink, dark red, yellow, or green. The plants have a perennial rootstock that in T. erectum (also called birthroot) was used medicinally by both Native Americans and early colonists. Trillium is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Liliopsida, order Liliales, family Liliaceae.
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Smooth round stem 2 ft tall (60cm) tinged with red, topped with 3 wavy-edged leaves and a 3 petal flower, colored white, red or pink. Whole plant is edible. Young unopened leaves taste like sunflower seeds. Leaves and flower can be used in salads or as tea. Root used as antiseptic, calm spasms, help promote menstruation. Boiled-down root bark used for earache.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
any herbaceous plant of the genus Trillium, of Asia and North America, having a whorl of three leaves at the top of the stem with a single central white, pink, or purple three-petalled flower: family Trilliaceae
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005