bismuth subsalicylate


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Related to bismuth subsalicylate: metronidazole, Pepto Bismol

bismuth subsalicylate

[′biz·məth ‚səb·sə′lis·ə‚lāt]
(inorganic chemistry)
Bi(C7H5O)3Bi2O3 A white powder that is insoluble in ethanol and water; used in medicine and as a fungicide for tobacco crops.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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* Recommend bismuth subsalicylate chemoprophylaxis for travelers at high risk for TD who are willing to comply with the regimen and want to avoid antibiotic prophylaxis.
* Prevention of TD involves avoidance of non-potable water and foods prepared with poor hygiene, and use of bismuth subsalicylate or non-absorbable antimicrobials such as rifaximin.
Subjects who met the study entry criteria were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive 14 days of treatment with either bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol, Proctor & Gamble, Cincinnati, OH) 2 tablets, metronidazole 250 mg tablet, tetracycline 500 mg tablet (BMT), each administered 4 times daily (at 8:00 AM, 12:00 PM, 4:00 PM, and 8:00 PM) plus cimetidine 400-mg tablet administered twice daily (at 8:00 AM and 8:00 PM) or lansoprazole 30-mg tablet, amoxicillin 1000-mg tablet, and clarithromycin 500-mg tablet (LAC), each administered twice daily at 8:00 AM and 8:00 PM.
Bismuth subsalicylate also may be used as treatment: 1 fluid ounce or 2 262 mg tablets every 30 minutes for up to eight doses in a 24-hour period, which can be repeated on a second day.
Adults are treated with "triple therapy" - bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol), metronidazole and amoxicillin.
* Bismuth Subsalicylate. Bismuth subsalicylate has both a protective effect and an antibacterial effect against H.
It was susceptible to bismuth subsalicylate, bismuth subcitrate and furazolidone but not to anti-ulcer agents (cimetidine, ranitidine, misoprostol and sucralfate), NSAIDs or oral penicillin.
Bismuth subsalicylate, taken in liquid form as the active ingredient of Pepto-Bismol (2 oz four times daily), has decreased the incidence of diarrhea by 60 percent in one study.
Bismuth subsalicylate, which you probably know as Pepto-Bismol, can also work.
Steroids may be used to reduce bowel inflammation; antidiarrheal drugs such as bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol), diphenoxylate and atropine (Lomotil), and loperamide (Imodium) offer short-term relief.