scalpel

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scalpel

a surgical knife with a short thin blade
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scalpel

 

a surgical knife 12–15 cm long, used for cutting soft tissues. Devices that operate on the basis of some physics principle and that cut tissues are also called scalpels, for example, the ultrasonic scalpel and the laser-beam scalpel.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

scalpel

[′skal·pəl]
(design engineering)
A small, straight, very sharp knife (or detachable blade for a knife), used for dissecting.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Notes from a civil war medical student's diary read: 'A pen knife in his hand, a scalpel and bistoury. I have seen him break off one prong of a common table fork, bend the point of the other prong and with it elevate the bone in a depressed fracture of the skull and save a life.' Hunter McGuire on the adaptability of the confederate surgeon in 1864.
Miss Bistoury is as strange a young woman as can be found, and the devil's generosity surpasses all expectations ("The Generous Gambler").
1b-c) were take away with the use of a bistoury to evidence the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
Other medical items on sale include a bistoury, a very thin curved blade designed to help remove strangulated hernias, a Georgian thumb lancet used for blood letting and a selection of bleeding cups used to collect blood, expected to fetch around pounds 200 each.