Bitterling

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bitterling

 

(Rhodeus sericeus), a fish of the Cyprinidae family. The body is high and drawn in from the sides; the bitterling is up to 9 cm in length. It is found in Europe (east of France) and in East Asia (in the Amur basin and in the rivers of Sakhalin, northern China, and Korea). It usually lives in slowly flowing and standing bodies of water. The fish lays about 100 eggs; during the spawning season (from March to August) the female grows a long ovipositor, which enables her to lay the eggs in the gill opening of bivalve mollusks, particularly of the genus Unio.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Life history and reproductive ecology of the endangered Itasenpara bitterling Acheilognathus longipinnis (Cyprinidae) in the Himi region, central Japan.
Re-introduction of the Itasenpara bitterling to the Yodo River in Osaka Prefecture, Japan.
Recent studies of the European bitterling, Rhodeus amarus, confirmed several oviposition decision factors: mussel species, sex, ventilation rate, reproductive state and the presence of bitterling embryos (Smith et al.
Samples of two bitterling populations were collected from the Dalcheon (stream), Goesan-gun (36[degrees]40'37.24" N, 127[degrees]46'39.70" E) ("Goesan population") and the Gadaecheon (stream), Danyang-gun (37[degrees]03'24.81" N, 128[degrees]23'21.44" E) ("Danyang population") in Korea from April to July in 2011 and 2013.
signifer between the two populations, we collected bitterling females using fish traps with paste bait (which attract the bitterling to the traps) every 2 or 3 weeks from 12 April to 12 July in 2013 between 07:00 and 10:00 a.m., corresponding to spawning season (Fig.
Additionally we have directly observed the development stage of three bitterling's eggs from eggs to larvae in the Petri dish.
signifer in two bitterling populations that use different host mussels: L.
2009a) where the SL and OPL of bitterling females were observed to change seasonally.
(2005) suggested that the width and length of the interlamellar spaces plays very important role for the bitterling embryo survival.
For bigger mussels, bitterling embryos are more likely to be deposited nearer the exhalant siphon in the gill cavity and may face a greater risk of ejection (Kitamura 2006a).
2014: Spawning ecology and conservation of the Korean bitterling, Acheilognathus signifer (Cyprinidae).
2005: Factors affecting seasonal mortality of rosy bitterling (Rhodeus ocellatus kurumeus) embryos on the gills of their host mussel.