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(Antilope cervicapra), an artiodactyl mammalian subfamily of true antelopes (Antilopinae). A graceful animal; body length, 120-130 cm; tail length, approximately 15 cm; height at withers, approximately 80 cm. The males have rather long (approximately 70 cm) spiraled horns. The adult males are blackish gray; the females and young are reddish brown; the belly and inner legs of all black bucks are white.
Black bucks are widespread throughout India except along the Malabar coast. Black bucks are polygamous. They live in herds of about 20-30 and inhabit broad, open plains. They reproduce throughout the year. The gestation period is approximately six months. The females bear a single calf. Black bucks run swiftly and jump magnificently. Black-buck hunting is a common form of sport in India. They are also hunted for their highly prized meat and for their horns.