sunfish

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Related to black crappie: white crappie

sunfish

sunfish, common name for members of the family Centrachidae, comprising numerous species of spiny-finned, freshwater fishes with deep, laterally flattened bodies found in temperate North America. All members of the family, which includes the black basses (genus Micropterus) and the crappies (genus Pomoxis), prefer fertile lakes with firm bottoms and build nests, which the males guard pugnaciously. The sunfishes, or breams, genus Lepomis, are smaller (1-4 lb/.14 kg average) members indigenous to E North America but successfully introduced in the West. Common eastern varieties are the the bluegill and green sunfishes, and the longear and common, or pumpkinseed, sunfishes, brilliantly colored with bright orange bellies. The redear and warmouth sunfishes are found in the Mississippi basin; the spotted sunfish, or stumpknocker, is a denizen of the South. The Sacramento perch, Archoplites interruptus, a native western sunfish, has been widely introduced in the W United States. The rock bass, genus Ambloplites, is indigenous to E North America. The black basses, the most important and valuable of American freshwater game fishes, are longer bodied and larger (averaging 2–3 lb/.9–1.4 kg); they include the largemouth and smallmouth black basses and the spotted bass. The crappies are the largest sunfishes, attaining a length of 1 ft (2.5 cm) and a weight of 2 lb (.9 kg). There are two species, the white crappie (P. annularis) and the black crappie or calico bass (P. nigromaculatus). The pigmy sunfishes, rarely over 11-2 in. (3.8 cm) long, bear an uncertain relationship to the family and are classed separately (family Elassomatidae). The totally unrelated ocean sunfish, or headfish, Mola mola, of the family Molidae, is allied to the puffer. Sunfishes are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Centrachidae.
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sunfish

[′sən‚fish]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of several species of marine and freshwater fishes in the families Centrarchidae and Molidae characterized by brilliant metallic skin coloration.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

sunfish

1. any large plectognath fish of the family Molidae, of temperate and tropical seas, esp Mola mola, which has a large rounded compressed body, long pointed dorsal and anal fins, and a fringelike tail fin
2. any of various small predatory North American freshwater percoid fishes of the family Centrarchidae, typically having a compressed brightly coloured body
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Black crappie fishing regulations for most "Family Fishing Lakes" dictate a 30 fish daily bag limit (combined white and black crappies) and a 254 mm statewide minimum length limit.
Orangespotted sunfish and age-0 carp, black crappie, yellow perch, and bluegill were sampled on Jul.
(13) examined the use of dorsal fin spines and scales of black crappie as nonlethal alternatives to otoliths and found that dorsal fin spines resulted in higher among reader precision and reader agreements when compared to scales.
THE BLACK CRAPPIE is a sunfish, related to the white crappie.
Dominguez notes that this is not unusual since black crappie populations tend to naturally cycle up and down much more dramatically than do bass populations.
In contrast, black crappie tend to be darker and greener with scattered black specks.
punctulatus, 2(5-1976) Spotted bass Pomoxis nigromaculatus, 11(3-1976); 56(5-1976) Black crappie IDNR Scientific name 1983-1987 Esocidae, pickerel & pikes Esox americanus, Grass pickerel E.
The standardized sample size for the number of lateral line and non-lateral line scales from each species included in the other multi-species models were: 18 (lateral line) and 16 (non-lateral line) for Centrarchidae [bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) and black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus)], 18 (lateral line) and 17 (non-lateral line) for dace, 24 for both the lateral and non-lateral line for large cyprinids, 36 (lateral line) and 43 (non-lateral line) for darters [johnny darter (Etheostoma nigrum) and blackside darter (Percina maculata)], and 10 (lateral line) and 12 (non-lateral line) for the model with white bass (Morone chrysops) and freshwater drum (Aplodinotus grunniens).
As part of a larger project designed to assess factors related to quality of panfish (i.e., bluegill, Lepomis macrochirus; black crappie, Pomoxis nigromaculatus; and yellow perch, Perca flavescens) populations, we sampled fish communities, physical characteristics, and invertebrate communities in 30 Nebraska Sandhills lakes (Paukert and Willis 2000).
These are primarily black crappie so they will move shallow and stay much longer.
The 5-by-2 1/2 mile lake that straddles the Volusia-Seminole County line north of State Road 46 between Mims and Geneva has a reputation for black crappie to 1 1/2 and 2 pounds.
There are two major types of crappie -- white crappie and black crappie. It's strictly a color difference; there are more black crappie up north because of the cooler streams.