Controlling liver fluke is an essential part of any black disease
programme, added Mr Howe.
42] Building on the mid-nineteenth notion that Cod had created black Africans (immune to yellow fever) with the intent that they should be slaves to whites in the plantations in the American South, Kiple writes: "It can be said then, with little fear of exaggeration, that black related disease immunities played a crucial role in the wholesale enslavement of the West African, while black disease
susceptibilities played a similarly crucial role in rationalizing that enslavement.
From the point of view of the federal government, sickle cell anemia was a uniquely black disease
which did not raise the troubling issues of the ongoing oppression of the black population.
Cases of lamb dysentery, pulpy kidney and black disease
have all been increasingly prevalent in flocks since the late 1990s.
They were among 20 people in the west of Scotland who died from so-called black disease
- or necrotising fasciitis - last year.