black fly

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black fly,

name for any of the fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
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 of the family Simuliidae. The black fly is about 1-8 in. (3.2 mm) long and has large eyes, short legs, a stout, humped back, broad gauzy wings, and piercing-sucking mouthparts. The female inflicts a painful bite, sucking the blood of birds and mammals, including humans. Livestock and other large mammals may be bitten to death by swarms of black flies; the black fly problem of some subarctic regions is so severe as to make human settlement impossible. Some tropical African and American species carry the larvae of roundworms that in human hosts cause swellings of the skin and eyes and sometimes blindness. The eggs of black flies are commonly laid in masses on wet rocks, logs, and plants; the larvae live in fast flowing water, clinging to rocks by means of anal sucking disks and straining out organic matter by fanlike head organs. Pupation occurs underwater; the pupa accumulates a bubble of air in its case, enabling it to rise to the surface and emerge when mature. The Adirondack black fly, Simulium hirtipes, the white stockinged black fly, S. venustum, the buffalo gnat, S. pecuarum, and the turkey gnat, S. meridionale, are common species. Black flies are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Diptera, family Simuliidae. See insectinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Helicopters seen flying over waterways and ground crews using backpack sprayers off bridges are conducting control operations on behalf of DEP's black fly program.
The dog was from the Hollywood Hills area of Los Angeles, [approximately equal to] 3 km south of the 29-km black fly control zone of the Los Angeles River.
To make room for the 21 IPA, Gritty's will replace two beers from the Gritty Dozen, Black Fly Stout and Best Bitter.
Perhaps the delicate//spider will catch a black fly, or a moth.
Provado Bug Killer is a systemic insecticide, Bug Clear which controls not only aphid but black fly, red spider mite and caterpillars; Another option is Rose Clear which is a dual action containing not only an insecticide but a fungicide which will help control and prevent black spot and mildew on roses and other trees and shrubs.
My "Close Encounters of the Fly Kind" began long before I wrote The Black Fly I performed Bartok's From the Diary of a Fly as an encore at my Town Hall debut in 1954.
It later changed to white and then a black fly appeared.
An American neurotoxicologist investigating the disease for the WHO thinks Nodding Syndrome could be connected to river blindness, a disease transmitted by the black fly.
A week after their return from Costa Rica, however, the Kleins were still recovering from black fly and flea bites.
The black fly predator, caddisfly, is susceptible to permethrin at concentrations lower than those necessary to kill black flies.
Dennis Rodman, Jeff Ho and Black Fly Simon lounged next to a flotilla of lowrider bikes made by Fat Mark out of the LBC.
River blindness, which mostly affects residents of parts of Africa and South America, is passed from person to person by an insect called the black fly.