In the current work, a portable UMR sensor and MRI measurement techniques were utilized to study drying behavior during air-drying of black spruce
One site displayed approximately 50% canopy closure primarily by black spruce
and alder and the other approximately 75% canopy closure dominated by black spruce
, jack pine, eastern larch, alder, and willow, with abundant Labrador-tea and a dense moist Sphagnum substrate.
Of these key species, black spruce
was more characteristic of F transects, while Arctic dwarf birch dominated FT transects.
Currently, black spruce
represents the dominant tree species of the landscape in interior Alaska (Kasischke et al.
Through Black Spruce
is about fire and ice as well as conifers--about their regenerative as well as destructive powers.
Quebec City, Quebec, Canada): (1) black spruce
fiber 1 (BS01), (2) black spruce
fiber 2 (BS02), and (3) jack pine fiber (JP).
grows in the bogs around Clapper Lake, while red spruce populates better-drained soils.
Traveling from south to north, its banks are lined with dense spruce forests, which change to a mosaic of stunted black spruce
, tamarack, and bogs.
Identification of black spruce
(Picea mariana) and white spruce (Picea glauca) pollen was based on the morphometrics developed by Birks & Peglar (1980).
Study plots have been set up in different-aged jack pine, aspen and black spruce
stands located within the Manitoba Model Forest.
The raw materials were different mixtures of black spruce
, balsam fir, jack pine, and white birch.
North of the 59th parallel, the park encompasses the southern portion of Atlin Lake, taking in four biogeoclimatic zones: alpine tundra, boreal white and black spruce
, spruce-willow-birch, and sub-boreal spruce.