black

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black

1. of the colour of jet or carbon black, having no hue due to the absorption of all or nearly all incident light
2. Chess Draughts
a. a black or dark-coloured piece or square
b. the player playing with such pieces
3. a black ball in snooker, etc
4. (in roulette and other gambling games) one of two colours on which players may place even bets, the other being red
5. Archery a black ring on a target, between the outer and the blue, scoring three points

Black

1
1. Sir James (Whyte). born 1924, British biochemist. He discovered beta-blockers and drugs for peptic ulcers: Nobel prize for physiology or medicine 1988
2. Joseph. 1728--99, Scottish physician and chemist, noted for his pioneering work on carbon dioxide and heat

Black

2
Sometimes derogatory a member of a dark-skinned race, esp someone of Negroid or Australoid origin
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

black

a term used to refer to a variety of non-white ethnic groups. Black is a preferred form, especially among ethnic groups of African origins, reflecting a pride and identity in being black. The use of the term is associated with the rise of black political activism in the US in the 1960s, and is reflected in the slogan ‘Black is Beautiful’. Other terms to describe black people, such as coloured, Negro or Negress, are now generally considered offensive.

In the UK (and elsewhere), however, there is controversy about the use of the term to describe ‘non-white’ persons of Asian origin. Many Asians object to the use of the word ‘black’ to describe them and argue that this usage confuses the identity of a large number of very different ethnic groups such as Pakistanis, Bangladeshis, Indians, West Indians, Africans and so on. The counter argument is that ‘non-white’ persons in the UK can be subject to DISCRIMINATION and institutionalized RACISM whatever their ethnic or national origins. In this sense, groups of both African and Asian origin share, to a significant extent, a common experience. See also BLACK POWER MOVEMENT, NEGRITUDE.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000

black

[blak]
(chemistry)
Fine particles of impure carbon that are made by the incomplete burning of carbon compounds, such as natural gas, naphthas, acetylene, bones, ivory, and vegetables.
(communications)
(optics)
Quality of an object which uniformly absorbs large percentages of light of all visible wavelengths.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

black

Western color for mourning. [Christian Color Symbolism: Leach, 242; Jobes, 357]
See: Death

black

symbol of sin and badness. [Color Symbolism: Jobes, 357]
See: Evil
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Scape and pedicel brown; fore and mid coxae only blackish at base, fore basitarsomere and mid basitarsomere entirely yellow (hind legs are missing).
Head: Dark red-brown to blackish, silver pruinose, mainly dark red-brown setose.
Telia amphigenous, blackish, rounded, pulverulent, rarely in groups, naked, sometimes surrounded by ruptured epidermis.
The fins turn yellow, dorsal and anal fin membranes dusted with black dots; posterior margin of caudal fin blackish and lower lobe densely blackish, pigment zone of caudal fin showed an inverted "M" shaped.
Mara Marini (Parks and Recreation and Blackish) co-stars.
The head of directorate Nuri Yylmaz "Chevrotain, wolf, fox, jackal and blackish and many of wild species live in DE-ldE-l Mountain and around at 2100 altitude of height, located in DE-zici district.
Head black with grayish microtomentum; orbital plates subglossy blackish brown with microtomentum; ocellar triangle darkish brown without microtomentum; lunule strap-shaped, darkish brown with black margin.
old married man presented with swelling and blackish discolouration of Penis with Fever and local pain of 3 days duration.
Colour differences include the presence of pronounced blackish zones on the anterior and posterior, mid-lateral parts of the body in M ericrobertsi, and much narrower white margin on the second dorsal CI n in comparison to M irianjaya.
Observations on Native chickens different plumage colors reported Black (RB), Blackish Red (BR), Red (R), Black (B), Reddish White (RW), Brown (BR), Black with white spot (BW), Mixed (M) and White with black spot (WB); four types of shank color were most frequently encountered, i.e.
Head (Figs 2-4): Blackish, silver pruinose, white to pale yellow-white setose, clearly broader than high in anterior view.
Uredinia amphigenous, subepidermal, golden brown to blackish brown, present in rows, scattered but somewhat compact, naked, 0.06-0.11 x 0.094-2 mm.