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black

1. of the colour of jet or carbon black, having no hue due to the absorption of all or nearly all incident light
2. Chess Draughts
a. a black or dark-coloured piece or square
b. the player playing with such pieces
3. a black ball in snooker, etc
4. (in roulette and other gambling games) one of two colours on which players may place even bets, the other being red
5. Archery a black ring on a target, between the outer and the blue, scoring three points

Black

1
1. Sir James (Whyte). born 1924, British biochemist. He discovered beta-blockers and drugs for peptic ulcers: Nobel prize for physiology or medicine 1988
2. Joseph. 1728--99, Scottish physician and chemist, noted for his pioneering work on carbon dioxide and heat

Black

2
Sometimes derogatory a member of a dark-skinned race, esp someone of Negroid or Australoid origin
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

black

a term used to refer to a variety of non-white ethnic groups. Black is a preferred form, especially among ethnic groups of African origins, reflecting a pride and identity in being black. The use of the term is associated with the rise of black political activism in the US in the 1960s, and is reflected in the slogan ‘Black is Beautiful’. Other terms to describe black people, such as coloured, Negro or Negress, are now generally considered offensive.

In the UK (and elsewhere), however, there is controversy about the use of the term to describe ‘non-white’ persons of Asian origin. Many Asians object to the use of the word ‘black’ to describe them and argue that this usage confuses the identity of a large number of very different ethnic groups such as Pakistanis, Bangladeshis, Indians, West Indians, Africans and so on. The counter argument is that ‘non-white’ persons in the UK can be subject to DISCRIMINATION and institutionalized RACISM whatever their ethnic or national origins. In this sense, groups of both African and Asian origin share, to a significant extent, a common experience. See also BLACK POWER MOVEMENT, NEGRITUDE.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000

black

[blak]
(chemistry)
Fine particles of impure carbon that are made by the incomplete burning of carbon compounds, such as natural gas, naphthas, acetylene, bones, ivory, and vegetables.
(communications)
(optics)
Quality of an object which uniformly absorbs large percentages of light of all visible wavelengths.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

black

Western color for mourning. [Christian Color Symbolism: Leach, 242; Jobes, 357]
See: Death

black

symbol of sin and badness. [Color Symbolism: Jobes, 357]
See: Evil
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another defendant told an Emirati police sergeant that the blacksmith was the mastermind behind the whole incident.
Woolton Blacksmith's was formerly known as Blackmore and Sons, and was run by the same family since it was set up soon after the Great War.
Whereas Italian products in Lebanon sell at high prices and usually leave little room for customizability, Karam explained customers could order bed cradles and console tables with personal specifications if they only pay a visit to a traditional blacksmith.
Blacksmith, a portfolio company of Charlesbank Capital Partners, owns Efferdent and Effergrip denture products; the PediaCare line of cough/cold/allergy/sinus and fever remedies for infants and children; Luden's throat drops; and NasalCrom allergy medications.
The Blacksmith Institute helped locate funding, worked closely with local authorities, and provided technical assistance to assure the cleanup was adequate.
George Savage was a blacksmith in Marcola, where the photos were taken.
Blacksmith says it is important to make contact since the land is, and will always be, used for traditional living.
A WELL-TO-DO MERCHANT HOLDS THE REINS TO HIS HORSE AS HE TALKS TO A BLACKSMITH ...
The original plan was to first build a blacksmith shop, but the local cowboys thought otherwise.
Farriery students from Oatridge College in Broxburn will be showing off their blacksmith skills as part of a rolling programme of demonstrations at the event.
James Sidbury shows how--in the divisive crisis brought on by the Jeffersonian Republican challenge to Federalist authoritarianism and to Adams's continued presidency--a slave blacksmith named Gabriel became leader of a wide-reaching conspiracy.
"Very seldom did I go to town that I didn't stick my nose in the blacksmith shop," he says.