blackthorn(redirected from blackthorns)
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sloe,low, spreading, thorny bush or small tree (Prunus spinosa) of the plum genus of the family Rosaceae (roserose,
common name for some members of the Rosaceae, a large family of herbs, shrubs, and trees distributed over most of the earth, and for plants of the genus Rosa, the true roses.
..... Click the link for more information. family), having black bark, white flowers, and deep blue fruits, usually rather acrid and not much larger than peas. Native to the Mediterranean area, the blackthorn is cultivated for hedges, its limbs are used in Ireland for canes and cudgels, and the juice of the berries is used in making brandy, sloe gin, and preserves and as a diluent of port. One of the hawthorns is sometimes called blackthorn. Blackthorn is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Rosaceae.
(Prunus spinosa), a plant of the family Rosaceae. The blackthorn is a small shrub or, rarely, a small tree reaching a height of 4–8 m. The branches are thorny, and the leaves are elliptic or obovate. The flowers, which are small and white, bloom in April and May. The fruit is a single-stoned drupe with a waxy bloom; most often it is rounded, small, and blue-black.
The wild blackthorn grows in Asia Minor, Western Europe, the Mediterranean region, the European USSR, the Caucasus, and Western Siberia. The tart, late-maturing fruits contain 5.5–8.8 percent sugar (glucose and fructose) and 0.8–2.8 percent acids. They are eaten in dried form or made into wine or jam. The blackthorn is winter-hardy and drought resistant. A large-fruited variety, obtained by crossing the blackthorn with the common plum (P. domestica), is widely cultivated in the Volga region.