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At the end of the pre-Christian era, ancient Hindu surgeons attempted to remove bladder stones through a suprapubic incision, but the operation lapsed until 1556 when Pierre Franco successfully performed this procedure on a child.
A 6 x 5 cm bladder stone was extracted by open vesicolithotomy.
Bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics, some bladder stones can be dissolved with special diets while others require surgical removal, along with benign bladder polyps.
Mechanical/anatomical causes include urethral stenosis, foreign objects, bladder stones, constipation, urethral cancer, uterine fibroids, bladder-neck obstruction, pelvic organ prolapse, cervical cancer and antiincontinence surgery (Table 1).
1) found that urethral stones were associated with upper urinary tract stones, such as kidney, ureter and bladder stones, and were found in 32% of the patients.
We have seen many patients, particularly low-paid expatriates, at the accident and emergency department who come regularly for treatment of kidney and gall bladder stones or some other minor ailments that need surgical intervention," said one senior doctor.
It is also equally unbelievable when 10-year-olds perform keyhole surgeries to remove gall bladder stones.
There has been a 10 per cent rise in the numbers, and kidney stones are more common than gall bladder stones these days.
It can also lead to bladder stones, depression and daytime tiredness due to constant broken sleep.
BARTON replies: This sounds to me like a typical case of cystitis (inflammation of the bladder) and it may be the case that she has sterile (idiopathic) cystitis, a bladder infection or bladder stones.
Pure-bred dalmatians lack a gene which produces uric acid, which leads to urinary problems including kidney and bladder stones.
Bitter Almond water was given as a treatment for kidney and bladder stones, gravel in the urine and for cleansing the biliary duct and as a treatment for rabies.