blasphemy

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blasphemy,

in religion, words or actions that display irreverence toward or contempt for God or that which is held sacred. Blasphemy is regarded as an offense against the community to varying degrees, depending on the extent of the identification of a religion with the society at large or the government. Seditionsedition
, in law, acts or words tending to upset the authority of a government. The scope of the offense was broad in early common law, which even permitted prosecution for a remark insulting to the king.
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, an attack on the sovereign, is thus analogous; both it and blasphemy can be seen as subversive of order and authority. Heresyheresy,
in religion, especially in Christianity, beliefs or views held by a member of a church that contradict its orthodoxy, or core doctrines. It is distinguished from apostasy, which is a complete abandonment of faith that makes the apostate a deserter, or former member.
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, on the other hand, is a matter of competing claims for doctrinal correctness; the dominant (orthodox) faction, however, often defines the heretic as blasphemous.

Blasphemy has been a crime in many religions and cultures, wherever there is something sacred to protect. SocratesSocrates
, 469–399 B.C., Greek philosopher of Athens. Famous for his view of philosophy as a pursuit proper and necessary to all intelligent men, he is one of the great examples of a man who lived by his principles even though they ultimately cost him his life.
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 was prosecuted for blasphemy, and Mosaic law prescribed death for cursing the name of God. JesusJesus
or Jesus Christ
, 1st-century Jewish teacher and prophet in whom Christians have traditionally seen the Messiah [Heb.,=annointed one, whence Christ from the Greek] and whom they have characterized as Son of God and as Word or Wisdom of God incarnate.
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 was tried for blasphemy, while Christians regarded the action of the Jews in trying him as itself blasphemous.

Secular modern states often retain blasphemy laws, but they are infrequently enforced. In the United States, state blasphemy laws remain on the books, but the Supreme Court's expansive interpretation of the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution makes it likely that any blasphemy prosecution would now be regarded as an impermissible establishment of religion. In countries governed under Islamic law, the concept of blasphemy is broad, embracing many kinds of disrespect or denial of religion; the condemnation (1988) of the author Salman RushdieRushdie, Sir Salman
, 1947–, British novelist, b. Bombay (now Mumbai, India). He is known for the allusive richness of his language and the wide variety of Eastern and Western characters and cultures he explores.
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 by Iranian clerics is a recent example of theocratic action.

blasphemy

Law the crime committed if a person insults, offends, or vilifies the deity, Christ, or the Christian religion
References in periodicals archive ?
While briefing the Senate Special Committee to examine purported grievances, Bajwa said: "[Dealing with] blasphemous content on social media is a huge problem.
Bajwa told the committee that met with Senator Barrister Muhammad Ali Saif in the chair that blocking of websites having blasphemous content was not an easy job.
On Friday, Pakistani media reports claimed that PTA's Chairman, Amir Azeem Bajwa, had called on the government to block social media websites in the country to crack down on the circulation of "blasphemous content" through these mediums.
ISLAMABAD -- The Pakistan Telecommunication Authority on Friday reportedly told a Senate special committee that the government should either increase the authority's 'technical capabilities' or block social media websites in the country in order to stop the circulation of 'blasphemous content'.
ISLAMABAD -- The Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) lacks the technical capacity to block blasphemous content on social media and the government should formulate a policy to deal with the issue, its chairman told a Senate panel on Friday.
Block social media websites or increase our technical capacity, PTA chairman asks Senate panel Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) Chairman retired Maj Gen Amir Azeem Bajwa on Friday told a Senate panel that the government should either increase the body's "technical capabilities" or block social media websites in the country in order to stop the circulation of "blasphemous content".
ISLAMABAD -- Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) Chairman retired Maj Gen Amir Azeem Bajwa on Friday told a Senate body that the government should either increase the body's "technical capabilities" or block social media websites in the country in order to stop the circulation of "blasphemous content".
With reference to recent media reports regarding Chairman PTA's comments on blasphemous content on social media, it is clarified that Chairman PTA's comments in today's senate standing committee meeting are being misquoted and taken out of context.
While briefing the Senate Special Committee to examine purported grievances, PTA Chairman Major General (r) Amir Azeem Bajwa said: '[Dealing with] blasphemous content on social media is a huge problem.
ISLAMABAD -- Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) Chairman retired Maj Gen Amir Azeem Bajwa on Friday told a Senate panel that the government should either increase the body's 'technical capabilities' or block social media websites in the country in order to stop the circulation of 'blasphemous content'.
ISLAMABAD -- Senate Special Committee to promote National Cohesion on Friday expressed concerns over the increase in publication of blasphemous material on social media.
ISLAMABAD -- Ameer, Jamaat e Islami, Pakistan, Senator Sirajul Haq, has called upon the Dutch government to make a comprehensive law to permanently stop blasphemous caricatures.