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in religion, words or actions that display irreverence toward or contempt for God or that which is held sacred. Blasphemy is regarded as an offense against the community to varying degrees, depending on the extent of the identification of a religion with the society at large or the government. Seditionsedition
, in law, acts or words tending to upset the authority of a government. The scope of the offense was broad in early common law, which even permitted prosecution for a remark insulting to the king.
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, an attack on the sovereign, is thus analogous; both it and blasphemy can be seen as subversive of order and authority. Heresyheresy,
in religion, especially in Christianity, beliefs or views held by a member of a church that contradict its orthodoxy, or core doctrines. It is distinguished from apostasy, which is a complete abandonment of faith that makes the apostate a deserter, or former member.
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, on the other hand, is a matter of competing claims for doctrinal correctness; the dominant (orthodox) faction, however, often defines the heretic as blasphemous.

Blasphemy has been a crime in many religions and cultures, wherever there is something sacred to protect. SocratesSocrates
, 469–399 B.C., Greek philosopher of Athens. Famous for his view of philosophy as a pursuit proper and necessary to all intelligent men, he is one of the great examples of a man who lived by his principles even though they ultimately cost him his life.
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 was prosecuted for blasphemy, and Mosaic law prescribed death for cursing the name of God. JesusJesus
or Jesus Christ
, 1st-century Jewish teacher and prophet in whom Christians have traditionally seen the Messiah [Heb.,=annointed one, whence Christ from the Greek] and whom they have characterized as Son of God and as Word or Wisdom of God incarnate.
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 was tried for blasphemy, while Christians regarded the action of the Jews in trying him as itself blasphemous.

Secular modern states often retain blasphemy laws, but they are infrequently enforced. In the United States, state blasphemy laws remain on the books, but the Supreme Court's expansive interpretation of the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution makes it likely that any blasphemy prosecution would now be regarded as an impermissible establishment of religion. In countries governed under Islamic law, the concept of blasphemy is broad, embracing many kinds of disrespect or denial of religion; the condemnation (1988) of the author Salman RushdieRushdie, Sir Salman
, 1947–, British novelist, b. Bombay (now Mumbai, India). He is known for the allusive richness of his language and the wide variety of Eastern and Western characters and cultures he explores.
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 by Iranian clerics is a recent example of theocratic action.


Law the crime committed if a person insults, offends, or vilifies the deity, Christ, or the Christian religion
References in classic literature ?
It is more blasphemous than that thing which is swiping our meat," I replied, for whatever the thing was, it had leaped upon our deer and was devouring it in great mouthfuls which it swallowed without mastication.
BALTIMORE, July 20, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Nerd Rage News today announced a new title from Steve Wollett; creator of Clockwork Drama and author of Blasphemous Cocktails.
The delegation presented a memorandum on the situation created after the publication of blasphemous sketches in French papers and some other countries.
Addressing a press conference here at Madrisa Azeemia, he said that blasphemous caricatures had hurt the sentiments of Muslim Ummah all over the world.
Islamabad: YouTube will remain blocked in Pakistan 'indefinitely', an official said on Saturday, as experts have failed to find a way to filter content deemed offensive and blasphemous in the Muslim majority country.
He was addressing a protest rally on Friday against blasphemous caricatures here.
Islamabad, May 23 ( ANI ): Twitter has blocked few tweets after Pakistan requested the micro-blogging site to block messages that the country regarded as blasphemous.
Spectators are encouraged to yell blasphemous comments while watching the play (LifeSiteNews, 3 February 2014).
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- A senior Lebanese legislator condemned a sacrilegious movie recently produced by an American-Israeli man in the US against Islam's prophet, and said Washington was aware of the harsh reaction of Muslims to the blasphemous movie.
embassies in Yemen and Egypt on Thursday in protest at a film they consider blasphemous to Islam.
Blasphemous libel, defamatory libel, and corrupting children are three crimes which seem to not fit with our current age and conceptions of what is criminal and what is not.
Summary: The owner of a Tunisian television station has apologized for showing parts of the animated film "Persepolis" considered blasphemous by some ultra-conservative Muslims.