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see fungal infectionfungal infection,
infection caused by a fungus (see Fungi), some affecting animals, others plants. Fungal Infections of Human and Animals

Many fungal infections, or mycoses, of humans and animals affect only the outer layers of skin, and although they are sometimes
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a chronic disease of the skin and internal organs in animals, caused by a yeastlike microscopic fungus Blastomyces dermatitidis. The natural reservoir of the fungus is soil. The animals mainly affected are dogs. Most susceptible to experimental infection are horses, sheep, guinea pigs, and hamsters. Diseased animals that discharge the fungus with mucus, in urine, and with the exudates in skin infection are the source of infection. Infection apparently occurs through injured skin or respiratory passages. Treatment has not been developed. Diseased animals are killed in order to prevent infection of humans.


Spesivtseva, N. A. “Blastomikoz.” In Veterinarnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 1. Moscow, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A term for two infectious, yeastlike fungus diseases of humans: North American blastomycosis, caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis, and South American (paracoccidioidomycosis) caused by Blastomyces brasiliensis.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical and laboratory update on blastomycosis. Clin Microbiol Rev.
Whether Weller actually had blastomycosis is unclear.
Jorge Lobo's disease or keloid blastomycosis. New aspects of the entity in Colombia: review [in Spanish].
The clinical presentation for this patient is uncommon, and it remains unclear how she acquired blastomycosis. She improved after initial surgery and a course of antibiotics increasing the suspicion for a bacterial pathogen.
Pneumonia is the most common manifestation of blastomycosis. Approximately half of blastomycosis infections can be asymptomatic; however, infection can lead to severe and fatal disease, often from respiratory failure.
Indications for fluconazole include candidiasis in nonneutropenic patients, esophageal candidiasis, maintenance therapy for cryptococcosis, mild or moderate coccidioidomycosis, sporotrichosis, and as a possible alternative for neurological disease in blastomycosis. It is notable that fluconazole has no mould activity.
Veinot, "Miliary blastomycosis developing in an immunocompromised host with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia," Pathology, vol.
Neutralization of TNF-[alpha] in a murine model of infection results in progressive pulmonary blastomycosis [37].
The specificity varies between 70% and 80%; cross-reactions may occur with blastomycosis, candidosis, and paracoccidioidomycosis.
capsulatum) , a dimorphic fungus that is commonly found in the southeastern, mid-Atlantic, and central United States.[sup][2] Other infectious agents, such as tuberculosis, aspergillosis, blastomycosis, and cryptococcosis, can also produce this condition.[sup][3],[4],[5],[6] Several examples of an idiopathic form of FM, perhaps due to an autoimmune process, such as Behcet's disease, retroperitoneal fibrosis, orbital pseudotumors, and Riedel's sclerosing thyroiditis, have also been described.[sup][7],[8]
Death records were accessed when the ICD-10 code matched any of the following (or their subsections): aspergillosis, blastomycosis, candidiasis, coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, mucormycosis, pneumocystosis, sporotrichosis, zygomycosis, and unspecified mycosis.