blight

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blight,

general term for any sudden and severe plant disease or for the agent that causes it. The term is now applied chiefly to diseases caused by bacteria (e.g., bean blights and fire blight of fruit trees), viruses (e.g., soybean bud blight), fungi (e.g., chestnut blight), and protists (e.g., potato blight). Other plant afflictions (caused by insects or unfavorable climatic conditions) that display similar symptoms are also called blights. See diseases of plantsdiseases of plants.
Most plant diseases are caused by fungi, bacteria, and viruses. Although the term disease is usually used only for the destruction of live plants, the action of dry rot and the rotting of harvested crops in storage or transport is similar to the rots
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Blight

A term applied to a deteriorating influence or condition which affects the value of a property or real estate.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Blight

 

an injury to a plant caused by intense sunlight or contrasting temperatures. Blights also include diseases caused by certain fungi, for example, Monilia cinerea, and by bacteria, for example, Bacterium amylovorum; such blights are infectious. Injuries caused by the incorrect use of pesticides are often called blights.

Blights result in the withering of parts of the bark, shoots, leaves, and flowers. They often kill plants. Coating tree trunks and thick branches with milk of lime is recommended for the control of sun and heat blights. Infectious blights can be controlled through the use of insecticides, fungicides, or bactericides and by pruning and burning affected plant parts. The instructions for the use of pesticides must be carefully followed to prevent the pesticides from blighting the plants.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

blight

[blīt]
(plant pathology)
Any plant disease or injury that results in general withering and death of the plant without rotting.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

blight

In plants, a fungus disease causing them to wither.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Wilkinson 2 had the highest level of resistance to common bacterial blight in the greenhouse and field.
In general, mean population score for common bacterial blight increased in the field and decreased in the greenhouse, while for halo blight, it was just the opposite (Table 3).
Also, for production regions where a lower level of resistance to either bacterial blight may suffice, selection for the respective level of resistance from the early generation should produce a larger number of breeding lines for subsequent evaluation for other agronomic traits and identification of new cultivars.
A gene for resistance to common blight (Xanthomonas campestris pv.
Molecular mapping of disease resistance genes for halo blight, common bacterial blight, and bean common mosaic virus in a segregating population of common bean.
Sources of resistance to halo blight in Phaseolus vulgaris.
Sources of tolerance and reaction of beans to races and strains of halo blight bacteria.
Genes conditioning halo blight resistance to races 1, 7, and 9 occur in a tight cluster.
A major QTL for common bacterial blight resistance derives from the common bean great northern landrace cultivar Montana No.
Choice of location for bacterial blight evaluation in common bean.
Inheritance of resistance to bacterial blight in common bean.