bloat

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bloat,

excessive accumulation of gases in the rumen, the first stomach of a cud-chewing animal. Bloat is probably formed to a large extent by bacterial action. It occurs in all ruminants, but is most common in cattle; it appears typically in animals that graze on newly developed, highly productive, lush green pastures, especially during a wet summer on clover-dominant pastures. Bloat can result from excess frothiness of the ruminal ingesta or loss of tone and motility of the rumen. Both of these conditions will prevent the normal eructation process. Treatment consists of passing a tube to the stomach or of reducing the foam formation by oral administration of mineral or vegetable oils. Prevention is attempted by carefully controlled management practices, administration of antibiotics, and the use of nontoxic oils.

bloat

[blōt]
(veterinary medicine)
Distension of the rumen in cattle and other ruminants due to excessive gas formation following heavy fermentation of legumes eaten wet.

bloat

Vet science an abnormal distention of the abdomen in cattle, sheep, etc., caused by accumulation of gas in the stomach

bloat

References in periodicals archive ?
And for those who have breeds that are at a higher risk for bloat, the constant stress of worrying "Will she bloat?
Owners who are determined to prevent bloat nonetheless want to understand its causes before submitting their dogs to an elective surgery like gastropexy.
The mother of all bloat studies was done two decades ago by Dr.
Not surprisingly, certain breeds were found to be at high risk for bloat, particularly large or giant breeds.
Also according to the Purdue study, the risk of bloat was more than twice as high in dogs seven to 10 years old compared to dogs two to four years old, and more than three times as high in dogs age 10 and older.
Securing the bottom of the stomach to the right side of the body so it cannot rotate during an episode of bloat is the common goal of each type of surgery, but slightly different methods are used to accomplish this.