block printing

Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

block printing:

see textile printing under textilestextiles,
all fabrics made by weaving, felting, knitting, braiding, or netting, from the various textile fibers (see fiber). Types of Textiles

Textiles are classified according to their component fibers into silk, wool, linen, cotton, such synthetic fibers as
..... Click the link for more information.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Block Printing


(in Russian, naboika), a form of applied art, the hand printing of a colored pattern on fabric by means of blocks with a raised design; the Russian word naboika is also used to designate the patterned fabric resulting from the process.

The blocks used in this type of printing may be pieces of carved wood or copper plates with movable studs. A block to which color has been applied is placed on the fabric and then hit with a special hammer. For multicolored patterns, the number of blocks should correspond to the number of colors.

The distinctive artistic features of block printing are the graphic simplicity of line and the abstraction of patches of color. The graphic severity of the pattern is often softened by errors that naturally arise when prints are made by hand. Such errors include the overlapping of patches of different colors, irregular lines, and light, uncolored spots.

Block printing has been known since antiquity among many peoples of the world. It was first used by peoples of what is now the USSR since the tenth, 11th, or 12th centuries. Its use was particularly widespread from the 16th through the 18th centuries. At the end of the 18th century, block printing was gradually replaced by the mechanized printing of fabric. However, some forms of block printing continued to survive among a number of peoples throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries. Today, the technical and decorative techniques of block printing are used by textile artists.


Armianskaia naboika. Moscow, 1953.
Alpatova, I. A. “Naboika.” In Russkoe dekorativnoe iskusstvo, vols. 1–3. Moscow, 1962–65.
Tomilina, O. N. “Iskusstvo tkani v Indii.” In the collection Iskusstvo Indii. Moscow, 1969.
Biriukova, N. Zapadnoevropeiskie nabivnye tkani 16–18 veka. Moscow, 1973.
Dzuhaiev, V. A. Ornament ukrains’koi vybiiky. Kiev, 1950.
Vydra, J. Ludová modrotlač na Slovensku. Bratislava, 1954.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

block printing

[′bläk ‚print·iŋ]
(graphic arts)
The earliest form of printing, involving the cutting of crude pictures and lettering on blocks of wood.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Block printing in Pakistan evolves at an early date because the most ancient techniques are still practiced.
Master artisans in block printing and lacquer art will be invited to conduct classes.
Emirati women taught the traditional embroidery craft of telli and Indian women showed how ancient craft of block printing is done.
Three of them, including Bassett, enrolled there in 1915, where they had their first introduction to the new Arts and Crafts style of design - including block printing - that was becoming popular throughout the country.
The site brings folk art, textiles, papier- mache, block printing, weaving, tribal embroideries and woodcarvings from states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Punjab and Jammu & Kashmir.
Day 2 Travel to Bhuj, the base to visit villages that specialise in specific crafts like Ajrakh block printing, mirrorwork embroidery of Hindu pastoral groups like Rabari and Ahir, woodcarving, wool weaving, bandhani and metalwork.
Rachel travelled to India where she learned techniques such as traditional Indian block printing, hand embroidery and beading to lay the foundations for her new beachwear clothing range La Mandarine.
It is now generally accepted that movable block printing reached Europe from China when Zheng reached Florence, Italy, in 1434 as an Ambassador.
The volume presents 114 works from forty-one printmakers and includes three essays on the history and techniques of wood block printing as well as recommendations for further reading on the subject.
The bag collection highlights various traditional craft techniques like hand embroidery and block printing besides the interesting shapes and sizes that appeal to contemporary sensibilities.
Largely a self-taught artist, she learned color block printing from Japanese-Canadians in Vancouver, which she taught to her younger brother, Woldemar, when she followed him to art school in Cleveland in the 1930s.
"People with extreme block printing often have high control needs because inside they feel out of control.