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see jazzjazz,
the most significant form of musical expression of African-American culture and arguably the most outstanding contribution the United States has made to the art of music. Origins of Jazz

Jazz developed in the latter part of the 19th cent.
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(English; abbreviation of “blue devils”—despondency, melancholy, sadness), solo lyrical song of American Negroes from the banks of the Mississippi.

The blues have been known since the late 19th century; they usually embody a lament for lost happiness. Themes of social protest began to appear in the blues early in the 20th century. To a large degree, the musical features of the blues were inherited from the music of the African peoples: syncopation (dislocation of rhythmic stresses), sliding, unfixed diminution of the modal scale (so-called blues modulations), and improvisation of execution (particularly in instrumental interludes). The form of the blues consists of variations.

The blues were initially performed to banjo accompaniment, and later, to guitars. The song St. Louis Blues (1914) by the Negro professional musician W. Handy began the broad spread of the blues in the Negro sections of cities. A number of the features of the blues were adopted by jazz music of the variety stage (estrada); in jazz music, the blues developed as instrumental dance pieces. The musical form and genre features of the blues have been utilized by many 20th-century composers—for example, G. Gershwin in the USA, M. Ravel in France, and E. Csenec in Austria.



melancholy, bittersweet music born among American Negroes. [Am. Music: Scholes, 113]
References in periodicals archive ?
Hammond organist Auger has a CV of phone-book proportions, such is the weight of his musical collaborations over a near sixdecade Acoustic bluesman "Blind Paxton career to date.
The bluesman traveled and performed alone or with a single companion.
Veteran Georgia bluesman Chick Willis is a sharply stinging guitar picker with a nonchalantly soulful vocal delivery.
There's "Genesis Blues," which situates the Garden of Eden in the poverty of the Mississippi Delta, and Creation in the moment when the first bluesman laid the first glass bottleneck across a guitar string.
The recipient of a National Poetry Series Award, Jess' debut rift chronicles the real-life drama of the now legendary bluesman with stunning, soul-wrenching persona poems and deft attention to detail.
The comic, with words by bluesman Davis, tells the tale of Davis' journey to the crossroads, where he tries to make a deal with the devil.
They've invited several of their famous friends to join in the celebrations, notably Led Zeppelin's Robert Plant, who croons bluesman GL Crockett's Look Out Mabel in the company of superstar guitarist Jeff Beck.
Al The Bluesman (Originals Cafe, The Quadrant, Hoylake) Saturday September 18, 3pm, free admission.
Wald describes how white scholars and blues buffs who constructed the legend of short-lived but influential Delta bluesman Robert Johnson got both his art and his influences all wrong.
Pro turned bluesman Chuck Dinkins is now headlining at the House of Blues in Orlando.
A minstrel might pack his trunk and ride in Pullman luxury, whereas a country bluesman might hoist his guitar case and hop aboard a freight car; the lives and livelihoods of both depended on knowing where the getaway was, and how to sing it into being.
The arrangements are sparer, with a single guitar line edging toward styles that Jakob likens to the Delta bluesman Mississippi John Hurt.