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see jazzjazz,
the most significant form of musical expression of African-American culture and arguably the most outstanding contribution the United States has made to the art of music. Origins of Jazz

Jazz developed in the latter part of the 19th cent.
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(English; abbreviation of “blue devils”—despondency, melancholy, sadness), solo lyrical song of American Negroes from the banks of the Mississippi.

The blues have been known since the late 19th century; they usually embody a lament for lost happiness. Themes of social protest began to appear in the blues early in the 20th century. To a large degree, the musical features of the blues were inherited from the music of the African peoples: syncopation (dislocation of rhythmic stresses), sliding, unfixed diminution of the modal scale (so-called blues modulations), and improvisation of execution (particularly in instrumental interludes). The form of the blues consists of variations.

The blues were initially performed to banjo accompaniment, and later, to guitars. The song St. Louis Blues (1914) by the Negro professional musician W. Handy began the broad spread of the blues in the Negro sections of cities. A number of the features of the blues were adopted by jazz music of the variety stage (estrada); in jazz music, the blues developed as instrumental dance pieces. The musical form and genre features of the blues have been utilized by many 20th-century composers—for example, G. Gershwin in the USA, M. Ravel in France, and E. Csenec in Austria.



melancholy, bittersweet music born among American Negroes. [Am. Music: Scholes, 113]
References in periodicals archive ?
Bluesman Davis inaugurated his work on `Legacy' with a fine bottle of Davis Family Vineyards 2001 Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon, Guy Davis Limited Selection.
The World Don't Owe Me Nothing: The Life and Times of Delta Bluesman Honeyboy Edwards.
When Martin Scorsese was looking for a young, innovative bluesman to feature in his ambitious and hugely acclaimed 2003 documentary series The Blues, who did he turn to?
Sa rencontre providentielle avec le bluesman Karim Albert Kook, en concert a Alger, il y a quelques annees, fera naEtre une collaboration artistique dont le fruit a muri et donne cet album, [beaucoup moins que]Ines[beaucoup plus grand que].
The bluesman performed on a three-stringed box guitar and another made from a hubcap - and one he described as "a Christmas decoration attached to a can of corn".
But most memorable of all is his harmonica, which wails with a passion and fury that only a real bluesman can master.
SEASICK STEVE Songs For Elisabeth (Atlantic) ONE of the more unlikely success stories of recent years, Seasick Steve - a grizzled, bluesman for the 21st century - was catapulted into the mainstream by Jools Holland's BBC2 shows.
Due to overwhelming demand for tickets, sensational bluesman SEASICK STEVE has announced a second date for VICAR ST this February.
WALTER TROUT The Globe, Cardiff Tel: 07885 742171 The iconic bluesman returns to the city and is sure to bring a devoted fanbase to The Globe.
THE legendary bluesman Charlie Musselwhite (right) will perform in Coventry on Saturday.
The veteran bluesman demanded the lights were left on when he appeared at the Carling Academy.
The latter involves Jackson's just-divorced, reformed bluesman Lazarus finding the beaten, abused Rae (Ricci) near his farmhouse and nursing her back to health -- but also keeping her chained to his radiator while he tries to "cure" her of raging nymphomania.