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see jazzjazz,
the most significant form of musical expression of African-American culture and arguably the most outstanding contribution the United States has made to the art of music. Origins of Jazz

Jazz developed in the latter part of the 19th cent.
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(English; abbreviation of “blue devils”—despondency, melancholy, sadness), solo lyrical song of American Negroes from the banks of the Mississippi.

The blues have been known since the late 19th century; they usually embody a lament for lost happiness. Themes of social protest began to appear in the blues early in the 20th century. To a large degree, the musical features of the blues were inherited from the music of the African peoples: syncopation (dislocation of rhythmic stresses), sliding, unfixed diminution of the modal scale (so-called blues modulations), and improvisation of execution (particularly in instrumental interludes). The form of the blues consists of variations.

The blues were initially performed to banjo accompaniment, and later, to guitars. The song St. Louis Blues (1914) by the Negro professional musician W. Handy began the broad spread of the blues in the Negro sections of cities. A number of the features of the blues were adopted by jazz music of the variety stage (estrada); in jazz music, the blues developed as instrumental dance pieces. The musical form and genre features of the blues have been utilized by many 20th-century composers—for example, G. Gershwin in the USA, M. Ravel in France, and E. Csenec in Austria.



melancholy, bittersweet music born among American Negroes. [Am. Music: Scholes, 113]
References in periodicals archive ?
ROCK ICON JANIS JOPLIN GOT IT while she could, and her bawdy, bluesy life is warmly celebrated in the musical Love, Janis, currently playing at the Village Theater in New York.
Charlie Musselwhite offers up a poignant, bluesy version of "Hear My Train A Coming," while Isham directs a small orchestra on his instrumental rendering of "Stone Free.
It's a mixed bag, much of it self-indulgent, but former Guns N' Roses guitarist Slash shines on the bluesy Where You Belong, and Stevie Salas sizzles on Stash, a song which bizarrely boasts a vocal from tennis ace John McEnroe.
Her bluesy vocal on self-penned Last Night At The Theatre is sublime, while the smooth Pass Me By ends in a glorious gospel chorus.
Sparse instrumentation and the singer's near-spoken vocal style serve many of these simple and heartfelt songs, from the laid-back bluesy flow of ``Love, Love, Love'' to the breezy ``Shy That Way,'' co-written by Jason Mraz, with whom Prettyman also duets.
Only the bluesy "Learn to Cry" rises above the other offerings, suggesting that an edgier singer lurks within.
This live set, recorded in Hungary, finds Farlowe still belting 'em out with a set ranging from a bluesy Stormy Monday to the boogie of Glenn Frey's Who's Been Sleeping In My Bed.
Purlie'' opens and closes with the ensemble dressed for church and singing harmonies in bluesy, wide open chords that set the exuberant tone for the evening, and it only gets better.
Sweet Honey in the Rock produce a bluesy "And When I Die" free from grandstanding yet intense with gritty drama.
Sam Brown gets soulful on Got Me Where You Want and Pink Floyd's Dave Gilmour adds the subtlest of guitar to the bluesy Junkman.
Where Tull's second album was intriguing, groundbreaking, bluesy and unpretentious (with no thought anyone would take it seriously beyond its small U.
The double-sided DualDisc release, which offers a DVD side with documentary footage, kicks off appealingly with a bunch of memorable melodies - a horn-laden ``This Is How a Heart Breaks,'' the funky rocker ``Lonely No More,'' the winning ballad ``Ever the Same'' and a bluesy ``I Am an Illusion,'' among them.