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common name for an American henlike bird of the family Phasianidae, which also includes the pheasant and the partridge. The eastern bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) is about 10 in. (25 cm) long. Its plumage is mixed brown, black, and white in the male and brown and buff in the female, making it almost invisible against the vegetation of weedy fields and edges of woodland. Bobwhites feed on insects and weed seeds. During much of the year they travel in coveys, sleeping at night in a compact circle, tails to the center. Thus they can fly out in all directions if alarmed. In spring when the coveys disperse, each male selects a territory in which to nest; the characteristic call of "bob-white" functions to attract a mate and to warn off other males. The female is responsible for nest building, and builds a nest on the ground in which she lays 12 to 15 eggs per clutch. Like most quails, bobwhites are monogamous. The large brood follows the hen; when danger threatens, the hen feigns injury until the young have scattered and hidden. Bobwhites are hunted as game birds and are often called quail or partridge; they can be raised on farms and multiply rapidly under protection. Bobwhites are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Galliformes, family Phasianidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bobwhite whistle counts from 2017 to 2018 improved some, so it's possible the slight uptick in quail populations will continue throughout the state.
While conducting a BioBlitz--an event where biologists and volunteers scour parkland to catalog species--at Caleb Smith State Park, Powers discovered that along with the increasing tick population, there was the disappearance of ground-dwelling birds, most notably the bobwhite quail.
Bobwhite and PF020037 were the most responsive to the Wu protocol (38.2% and 42.7% ER, respectively), while BR18-Terena was the highlight (47.6% ER) in Hu.
Caption: The dogs started forward in pursuit of a downed bobwhite. Using his old M12 Skeet gun, the author was caught on camera with the stock half-down while ejecting the spent hull.
Our objectives were to determine the efficacy of MMTR in the context of typical management on properties managed for bobwhite. We hypothesized support for the predation limitation hypothesis as tested through predator removal.
When Eastern hunters head West they often find their light, open-choked bobwhite or ruffed grouse gun isn't the ideal tool--except, of course, for hunting Western bobwhite or ruffed grouse.
That makes our southern neighbor truly the last best place when it comes to hunting wild bobwhites. In a leisurely afternoon of following a hardworking pair of pointers, it's not unheard of to kick up a dozen or more coveys, each holding somewhere between 20 to 30 wild-flying bobwhites.
Our objective was to determine northern bobwhite preference among seeds of 45 plant species associated with sand sagebrush-mixed prairie (Table 1).
The choice of regenerable and highly transformation efficient genetic material is very limited and confined to only a few specialized varieties like bobwhite. One way to overcome these bottle necks is to screen and utilize our indigenously adaptive and high yielding wheat cultivars for the purpose of exploring their regeneration potential and transformation efficiency.
Additional PIF non-grassland priority species that we detected during our point counts were northern bobwhite, red-headed woodpecker, eastern kingbird, brown thrasher, orchard oriole, and Baltimore oriole.
They also feed opportunistically on small vertebrates (see review in McDonough and Loughry, 2008) and eggs of a variety of ground nesting species of conservation concern including sea turtles (Engeman et al., 2003, 2005), gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus, Douglas mad Winegarner, 1977; Smith et al., 2011), and northern bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus, Staller et al., 2005).
An array of pitfall traps was established to measure activity density of ground-dwelling arthropod families that are potential prey items for Northern Bobwhite quail (Colinus viriginianus) on the Beaver River Wildlife Management Area, Beaver County, Oklahoma.