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common name for an American henlike bird of the family Phasianidae, which also includes the pheasant and the partridge. The eastern bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) is about 10 in. (25 cm) long. Its plumage is mixed brown, black, and white in the male and brown and buff in the female, making it almost invisible against the vegetation of weedy fields and edges of woodland. Bobwhites feed on insects and weed seeds. During much of the year they travel in coveys, sleeping at night in a compact circle, tails to the center. Thus they can fly out in all directions if alarmed. In spring when the coveys disperse, each male selects a territory in which to nest; the characteristic call of "bob-white" functions to attract a mate and to warn off other males. The female is responsible for nest building, and builds a nest on the ground in which she lays 12 to 15 eggs per clutch. Like most quails, bobwhites are monogamous. The large brood follows the hen; when danger threatens, the hen feigns injury until the young have scattered and hidden. Bobwhites are hunted as game birds and are often called quail or partridge; they can be raised on farms and multiply rapidly under protection. Bobwhites are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Galliformes, family Phasianidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Improving rangeland conditions by using moderate stocking rates, especially during drought (Hernandez and Guthery, 2012), or by planting a greater variety of native grasses, sunflowers, shrubs, forbs, and legumes, when reestablishing marginal crop lands, could improve habitat and diet quality for bobwhite quail as well as other wildlife species.
Unit boundaries were separated by barbed wire fencing and had signs indicating whether or not bobwhite hunting was permitted based on our study design.
The choice of regenerable and highly transformation efficient genetic material is very limited and confined to only a few specialized varieties like bobwhite.
Financial support was provided by USDA-NRCS-Agricultural Wildlife Conservation Center through the USDA-NRCS Bobwhite Restoration Project.
Sleigh and Lickliter (1997) subjected the bobwhite quail chicks to substantially augmented amounts of prenatal auditory stimulation and showed that chicks continued to respond to maternal auditory cues into later stages of postnatal development but failed to demonstrate responsiveness to maternal visual cues.
In addition to northern bobwhite being a PIF priority species, they are a game bird of high importance to wildlife managers (National Bobwhite Technical Committee 2011).
Their work has paid off, and the farm boasts a healthy population of wild bobwhite quail, dove, rabbit, and whitetail deer.
We have also seen mice, snakes, grasshoppers and a tarantula, and importantly, no birds, particularly bobwhite quail," he added.
The chapter on bobwhite quail contains this quote by the outdoor writer Robert Ruark, "I never knew a man that hunted quail who didn't come out of it a little politer by comparison.
We assessed the status and trends of northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) populations in Ohio from 1984-2004 (21 years).