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common name for an American henlike bird of the family Phasianidae, which also includes the pheasant and the partridge. The eastern bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) is about 10 in. (25 cm) long. Its plumage is mixed brown, black, and white in the male and brown and buff in the female, making it almost invisible against the vegetation of weedy fields and edges of woodland. Bobwhites feed on insects and weed seeds. During much of the year they travel in coveys, sleeping at night in a compact circle, tails to the center. Thus they can fly out in all directions if alarmed. In spring when the coveys disperse, each male selects a territory in which to nest; the characteristic call of "bob-white" functions to attract a mate and to warn off other males. The female is responsible for nest building, and builds a nest on the ground in which she lays 12 to 15 eggs per clutch. Like most quails, bobwhites are monogamous. The large brood follows the hen; when danger threatens, the hen feigns injury until the young have scattered and hidden. Bobwhites are hunted as game birds and are often called quail or partridge; they can be raised on farms and multiply rapidly under protection. Bobwhites are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Galliformes, family Phasianidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Enhanced prenatal auditory experience facilitates species-specific visual responsiveness in bobwhite quail chicks (Colinus virginianus).
Some landowners have expressed concern that roadrunners prey on bobwhite quail, but Ransom said, "I seriously doubt roadrunners prey on very many quail.
Bobwhite quail food habits in the southeastern United States with a seed key to important foods.
An evaluation of unburned and recently burned longleaf pine forest for bobwhite quail brood habitat.
The young bird dog raced right through the covey, blurred wings filling the air as bobwhite quail flushed in all directions.
In June 1993, a radio-tagged bobwhite quail (colinus virginianus and a cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus) were recovered from the stomach of an adult canebrake rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus atricaudatus) in South Carolina.
Specifically, EDSTAC recommends conducting reproduction tests with two avian species, northern bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) and mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos), using existing protocols with possible modifications to enhance the ability to detect endocrinerelated effects.
Effects of siblings on behavioral responsiveness to a maternal alarm call in bobwhite quail chicks (Colinus virginianus).
Bouillet Collection of Wildlife Art," I saw that the Bobwhite Quail, the Wood Duck, the Canvasback, the Canada Goose, the Bufflehead, the Green-Winged Teal and the Ruddy Duck I were still available.