Body Image

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Body Image

 

the reflection of one’s own body in one’s consciousness, including the outline, dimensions, and boundaries of the body and the relative position of its parts as well as clothing, footwear, habitual articles and tools, prostheses, and the like. A body image is continuously being developed and altered in the course of one’s life.

The concept of body image is used in the study of various mental disturbances—such as depersonalization, impaired perception of right and left, nonrecognition of the parts of one’s body or the sense of their being spatially estranged, the phenomenon of phantom limbs, and the fantasy of a “double”—for purposes of topical diagnosis (for example, of a lesion in the right parietal region) as well as to solve practical problems in prosthetics. In aviation and aerospace psychology the concept of body image is applied to problems of spatial orientation (as in the system man-spacecraft-surrounding space, for example, or illusions regarding spatial location).

REFERENCES

Meerovich, R. I. Rasstroistva “skhemy tela” pri psikhkheskikh zabolevaniiakh. Leningrad, 1948.
Giliarovskii, V. A. “Chto takoe ’skhema tela’ v svete dannykh nashikh fiziologov.” Vestnik Akademii meditsinskikh nauk SSSR, 1958, no. 10.
Gorbov, F. D. “Problemy kosmicheskoi psikhofiziologii.” In the collection Chelovek vyshel v kosmicheskoe prostranstvo. Moscow, 1966.

F. D. GORBOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Although speculative, increased activities and participation may help to maintain the integrity of the Body Schema of the injured area through use.
Although FMRI studies have shown different brain areas related to body ownership and body schema codification, temporal contiguity between tactile and visual stimulation remained an important factor in explaining the RHI effect.
Body image and body schema in a deafferented subject.
By this we are saying that research on embodiment of skills should try to understand and depict body schemas and it's surroundings in relation to each other.
As a result of the previously mentioned factor, the adolescent has an incapacity to become aware of the alterations produced in his body schema or, in other words, in this stage, the alterations affecting the adolescent's body are so numerous and accelerated that he has not sufficient time to assimilate or include them through the awareness of the new body schema, and this is due to the quick growth at his bone system level.
The objective of the present study was to establish an experimental framework for testing whether spine deformation could be related to a distortion of the body schema. Since the body schema is continuously updated through sensory signals, it is possible that surgical intervention that drastically reduces spine deformation or bracing that creates proprioceptive rehabilitation, through torso proprioceptive cues, lead to a recalibration of the body schema.
Results in another study showed that implicit self-esteem increased for unrestrained eaters and decreased for restrained eaters owing to an activation of body schema (Hoffmeister, Teige-Mocigemba, Blechert, Klauer, & Tuschen-Caffier, 2010).
The topics include the impact of visual feedback type on the mastery of visuo-motor transformation, crosstalk between proximal and distal action effects during tool use, the initial stage in learning to control orientation and forced in a hammering task, the impact of prior experience on the acquisition of flexible tool use by preschoolers, and internal models and body schema in tool use.
The body schema appears to be innate and basically a stable structure, but it also possesses some more variable characteristics.
Metaphorical schema Wine element Linguistic metaphor Body Structure bouche, nez, avoir de la chair, charnu, maigre, elance, svelte, type Body + balance corps, avoir du corps, corpulent, muscle Intensity of aromas faible Structure jouflu Physical features Alcohol level corpulent, large d'epaules Alcohol+tannins vigoureux, vigueur, avoir du tonus Sugar content souple Intensity of aromas austere, timide, tranquille, triste Acidity strict, nerveux Personality features Sugar content nerveux, tranquille Balance delicat, avoir de la grace, equilibre, proportionne Balance+alcohol genereux Human lifecycle Wine lifecycle precoce, jeune/jeunesse/ juvenile,mur/ maturite,vieux/ vieillissement, senile, longevite, s 'epanouir The body schema underlies the key metaphorical terms in French winespeak, i.e.
The picture gets filled in somewhat with the discussion of embodiment, in particular the notions of the body schema and motor intentionality, and their connection with the worldly character of experience.