bolus

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bole

2, bolus
a moderate reddish-brown colour
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

bolus

[′bō·ləs]
(geology)
(pharmacology)
A pill of large size.
(physiology)
The mass of food prepared by the mouth for swallowing.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a recent patient survey, only one-third of pump users indicated that they use combination boluses several times per month; 46% said they never learned how to use combination boluses or that their pumps don't have that option.
This finding may in fact reflect the total levobupivacaine consumption, number of patients requiring additional PCEA boluses, and mean number of PCEA boluses per patient which were lower in the PIEB group (p<0.001) (8).
Amount of nalbuphine consumed as on demand boluses was significantly >equipotent amount of tramadol (Mann Whitney U=700, p3 over a first 12 hours was significantly higher than tramadol.
Similarly if epidural pumps with the ability to provide PCEA boluses were not developed, patient-controlled labor analgesic techniques would not be possible.
gender, number of boluses of desflurane administered, etc., were expressed as frequencies and percentages.
Where an ICU is not available or there is delayed admission, insulin should be administered by hourly IV or IM boluses to decrease the incidence of hypoglycaemia.
According to the rheological properties of the food bolus, the shear flow velocity decreased with the increase of the viscosity during swallowing.[2] Boluses with higher viscosities reduced the flow rate and increased the pharyngeal transit time.[3] When the tongue was placed upward, the bolus proceeded faster, and the swallowing process was open for longer periods of time, and therefore, the swallow duration was prolonged.
To clarify the breakdown behavior of food bolus in the entire masticatory process, boluses were collected after mastication at 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, and 100% of the total chewing time for physical analysis.
Given the significant shock state, he was aggressively resuscitated using dilute vasopressin boluses for his DI.
Results of various studies Study Population Sample Most size common impaction Webb (1) USA 242 Meat (59.9%) Li et al (2) China 1088 Food boluses Vicente et al (3) Spain 8 Meat (100%) Carr & USA 64 Meat (92%) Drennan (4) Sperry USA 548 Meat (25%) et al (5) Crockett USA 548 Meat (35%) et al (6) Longstreth USA 194 Meat (85%) et al (7) patients, vegetable (3%), 223 nuts, rice, egg episodes sandwich, pastry (3%), fruit (2%), unspecified (8%) Gretarsdottir Iceland 308 Meat (68%) et al (8) Study Gastrointestinal Flexible comorbidity esophagoscopy success rate (%) Webb (1) Li et al (2) Esophageal carcinoma, 98.8% stricture, diverticulum, 94.1% post gastrectomy, hiatal hernia, achalasia Vicente Gastroesophageal et al (3) reflux like vomiting, heartburn, respiratory tract disease (75%).
Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) within 10% of the level before anaesthesia was maintained by injection ephedrine 5 mg IV boluses. (9)