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device for indemnifying or guaranteeing an individual against loss. Reimbursement is made from a fund to which many individuals exposed to the same risk have contributed certain specified amounts, called premiums.
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with regard to textile materials, the joining and fastening of materials with threads and glue or under pressure after glazing of the joining surface of one of the materials. Most often, two fabrics (synthetic, wool, metallized, or cotton fabrics) are glued together, or one surface of polyurethane foam is glazed and joined under pressure with a fabric or knitted material. Bonding gives textile materials new properties, such as water or light impermeability or crease resistance. Bonded materials are used to make men’s, women’s, and children’s overcoats, suits, and special-purpose clothing.
The act of connecting the various structural metal parts of a metal enclosure or vehicle (as in an aircraft or automobile) so that these parts form a continuous electrical unit. Bonding serves to minimize or eliminate interference, such as that caused by ignition systems. It also prevents buildup of static electricity on one part of the structure, which can, by subsequent discharge to other parts, cause static interference. Bonding is achieved by bolting the parts together in such a way as to achieve good electrical contact or by connecting them with heavy copper cables or straps.
Bonding also refers to the fastening together of two pieces by means of adhesives, as in anchoring the copper foil of printed wiring to an insulating baseboard. See Adhesive