bone meal

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Related to bone meal: blood meal

bone meal,

finely ground bone used as a fertilizer for its content of phosphate and nitrogen (about 23%–30% available phosphate and 2%–4% nitrogen); it is an expensive form of phosphoric acid when compared with superphosphatessuperphosphate
or superphosphate of lime,
Ca(H2PO4)2, is a compound produced by treating rock phosphate with sulfuric acid or phosphoric acid, or a mixture of the two.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Bone meal is also fed to farm animals to supply needed mineral food constituents, e.g., calcium and phosphorus.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bone Meal


a mineral additive in feed for farm animals made by processing the bones from slaughtered animals. It is made by grinding bones that are defatted by organic solvents and deglutinated by steam. Bone meal is rich in minerals, particularly calcium (245 g in 1 kg of feed) and phosphorus (118 g). For cattle, 40–100 g of bone meal are added to the ration, and for small animals, 8–20 g. Bone meal constitutes up to 1 percent of the weight of mixed feeds.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

bone meal

[′bōn ‚mēl]
A substance made by grinding animal bones; steamed meal, made from pressure-steamed bones, is used as a fertilizer; raw meal is used in animal feed.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Salmon by-product meal, fish by-product meal, corn gluten feed meat and the bone meal did not differ from blood meal (P > 0.05).
A video of one of the new applications, for dry meat and bone meal sorting, can be viewed here (
To make the bone meal, Lu explains that it all starts with drying fresh bones in the sun to remove water and blood.brOn the other hand, the animal innards like liver, intestines and lungs are cooked under high temperatures and later dried in the sun.
The reintroduction of meat and bone meal, welcomes the Commission, will help the EU reduce its dependence on external soy protein (self-sufficiency of less than 30%), reduce the negative economic and environmental effects of the ban and increase the competitiveness of livestock breeding and the meat industry.
Agricultural professional organisations in the EU say they are prepared to ensure "strict and total" traceability of meat and bone meal to guarantee the absence of "intra-species recycling" and continuation of the ban for ruminants.
The apparent ileal amino acid digestibility in maize, sorghum, soybean meal, maize gluten, fishmeal, meat and bone meal and wheat bran for growing broiler chickens were determined, using titanium dioxide (Ti[O.sub.2]) and chromium oxide ([Cr.sub.2][O.sub.3]) as dietary markers.
It's best to dig a trench and work in some well-rotted organic matter before covering it with soil and a sprinkling of bone meal. The soil should be free-draining and on the acid side.
Previous cases of cutaneous anthrax in Belgium date from the 1980s, when a man became infected while unloading Indian bone meal in Antwerp Harbor.
The offspring component of the investigation found that all calves of interest died of causes unrelated to BSE, while the inquiry into feed confirmed that the affected animal was exposed to feed containing ruminant meat and bone meal that was produced before the Canadian government's 1997 ruminant-toruminant feed ban, it said.
In the late 1990's, lead was found in some calcium supplements derived from natural sources, such as bone meal, dolomite and oyster shells.
Farmers began adding bone meal from slaughtered sheep to cattle feed.