bottom water

bottom water

[′bäd·əm ‚wȯd·ər]
(hydrology)
Water lying beneath oil or gas in productive formations.
(oceanography)
The water mass at the deepest part of a water column in the ocean.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bottom water temperature (measured in degrees Celsius) and salinity measurements were taken within 5 m of the bottom.
Nyanti, "Assessing the bottom water quality of a Ramsar site subjected to anthropogenic disturbances: A case study in Kuching Wetland National Park, Sarawak, Malaysia," Sains Malaysiana, vol.
During the meeting, Cairo had asked for an increase to bottom water outlets at the dam from two to four to prevent significant reduce on water flow to its territory.
Flow divergence at the seaward tips of the causeways caused upwelling of cold, marine bottom water, which was advected into warm, nearshore waters used for feeding and migration by Arctic fishes.
The remaining five disturbed soil columns were used to measure [K.sub.s] using a bottom water supply method that simulated water entering the soil from below, as would be the case in ground water upwelling.
Four papers from the University of Benin investigate a drilling fluid made from rubber seed oil, the factors affecting water breakthrough time in a horizontal well, and type curves for a reservoir subject to active bottom water drive.
Most disturbing, however, is what this could mean for the global ocean currents that are driven by the Antarctic Bottom Water. Changes to it have massive global implications."
Water level of Sapanca has drastically been decreasing since the one- year finally reached the alarming point as the bottom water resources which nourishes the Sapanca nearly dried out.
Increase in bottom water temperature might have caused a decrease of GHSZ thickness and therefore a lateral shift of the GHSZ position along the western Svalbard continental margin and finally led to an increase in methane gas venting [11].