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(both: bo͞o'gənvĭl`ēə) [for L. A. de BougainvilleBougainville, Louis Antoine de
, 1729–1811, French navigator. He accompanied Montcalm to Canada as aide-de-camp, and he later (c.1764) established a colony on the Falkland Islands but had to surrender the settlement to Spain (1766).
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], any plant of the genus Bougainvillea of the family Nyctaginaceae (four-o'clockfour-o'clock,
common name for members of the Nyctaginaceae, a family of plants found in warm climates, especially in the Americas, chiefly as herbs but often in the tropics as shrubs or trees.
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 family); chiefly tropical American woody vines with showy petallike bracts, usually in shades of brilliant red or purple. Bougainvilleas are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Caryophyllales, family Nyctaginaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of South American plants of the family Nyctaginaceae. Plants of this genus are low trees or more often shrubs—creeping, climbing, or clinging (lianas). The leaves alternate and have entire edges. The blossoms are small and profuse and are enclosed in broad, bright covering leaves (bracts), which determine the ornamental value of a bougainvillea. There are approximately 15 species. Two Brazilian species are mainly cultivated: bald bougainvillea (B. glabra)and remarkable bougainvillea (B. spectabilis). These multiply readily by means of cuttings and grow quickly. In the USSR bougainvillea is grown in the south in gardens and in the north in greenhouses.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, bougainvillaea
any tropical woody nyctaginaceous widely cultivated climbing plant of the genus Bougainvillea, having inconspicuous flowers surrounded by showy red or purple bracts
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
SNIFFY No use trying to smell those bougainvillea Georgia!
Wisteria is another popular climber that can be accommodated in a container and grown as a standard but in the same vein as Bougainvillea the plant will benefit from being repotted into fresh compost regularly.
Bougainvillea can supply a profusion of blooms in spring and summer and some will continue to flower through the autumn and winter.
The 4* Bougainvillea Beach Resort is situated on two glorious white sand beaches in the heart of the popular south coast, and offers a wide range of facilities and services to suit all the family.
Single specimens of blue hibiscus, bougainvillea, and multicolored phormium punctuate the sweeps of color.
Pictures: SEAN KNOX Hair & Make-up: CHARIS Fashion Assistant: KAREN CLARKSON Photographed on location at the Bougainvillea Beach Resort, Barbados.
The vivid flowers of Bougainvillea are a constant reminder of sunny holidays abroad.
In the greenhouse, prune climbers and shrubs like passiflora and bougainvillea.
For anyone who took a childhood field trip to California missions, flowers in the colors of a Mexican serape--such as red bougainvillea, yellow euryops, and purple statice--probably remain a vivid memory.