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A pure crystal, such as silicon, having the atomic structure of a single crystal, formed synthetically by rotating a small seed crystal while pulling it slowly out of molten material in a special furnace.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(from the Greek word for council), in ancient Greece:

(1) In Homer’s narrative poems, the tribal council of nobles under the basileus.

(2) In the aristocratic and oligarchic poleis (until the beginning of the fifth century B.C.), the ruling council of the nobility or primarily wealthy citizens; membership was for life (the Gerousia in Sparta, the Areopagus in Athens, and others).

(3) In the democratic poleis, the supreme agency of executive power and state control, elected for a specific term; it prepared the agenda for the assembly. The boule at Athens was the best known. It was established by Solon in 594 B.C. and known as the council of400. It became the council of 500 under Cleisthenes (509 B.C.), and from 307 B.C. it was the council of 600. It was elected from the phylae, and from the middle of the fifth century B.C. members were chosen by lots. The boule was divided into ten committees, known as prytaneis, which operated on a rotation basis (each prytane performing its duties for a tenth of a year). From the fifth century B.C. the members of the boule (bouleutai)began to receive payment of one drachma a day.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A plain-sawn log which has been reassembled in the original log form, but with spacers between adjacent slabs.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


An ingot of silicon that has a single crystal orientation. Pronounced "bool." See wafer and transistor.
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References in periodicals archive ?
After President Barack Obama announced the My Brother's Keeper Initiative--an effort to address opportunity gaps facing young men of color--the Boule was one of the first groups to form a partnership with The White House.
When the round ends, the team with the closest boule to the cochonnet gets a point for that, and more points if it also has additional boules that also are closer than the other team's efforts.
She asserts the biggest problem with learning today is the lecture, which, according to Boule, has been used in universities since at least 927 AD.
Although known widely as French boules, the game is played all over Europe and probably originated in ancient Greece.
Former Alabama Congressman ARTUR DAVIS had a mixed reaction to the piece, writing on The Recovering Politician blog, "Boule avoids the usual rhetorical trope about racism and white backlash and pays appropriate attention to the constraints posed by representing liberal, partisan districts that provide a limited donor base.
Boule uses her analysis to suggest improvements to two common means of transmitting knowledge: professional conferences and continuing education.
But we found that on the non-exercise day metformin led to better glucose control after lunch than on the day our participants took metformin and exercised," said Boule.
Maupassant references the Western European frame-narrative genre quite broadly in "Boule de Suif," but the most fruitful comparisons to be made are with the three most influential avatars of that genre, namely Boccaccio's Decameron, Chaucer's Canterbury Tales and Marguerite de Navarre's Heptameron.
Whoever is doing it faces a steep twomile hike to the tree overlooking Loch Lomond at Ben Boule, Helensburgh.
A player squats to measure the distance from each steel boule to the wooden but with a tape.
Par Bushra Yacoub SpE[umlaut]cial au Jourdain Un mois aprE s la dE[umlaut]faite de la France Ea la Finale de la Coupe du Monde 2006 face Ea l'Italie, "Coup de boule", une chanson dont les paroles inspirE[umlaut]es par le fameux coup de tE[logical not]te de Zidane au thorax du dE[umlaut]fenseur italien Materazzi, occupe le top des tubes franE*ais de cet E[umlaut]tE[umlaut].