This was the bouleuterion
, the building in which the citizens' representatives met in council.
Its temple, agora (market place), bouleuterion
(semi-circular tiered meeting place of the council), theatre and amphitheatre indicate that this was a very important site for the Greeks who were buried in tombs cut into the hillside.
There are remnants of a gymnasion, a Roman bath and a bouleuterion
. The 100-meter long Nysa Bridge, a tunnel-like substruction, was the second largest of its kind in antiquity.
* In Old Greek (10) the suffix -terion is used to form Instrument nouns, such aspoterion 'cup' (from the same root as pino 'drink'), semanterion 'seal' (from semaino 'make a signal') etc., and also to derive Locative nouns, such as bouleuterion
'council-chamber' (from bouleuo 'deliberate'), dikasterion 'court of justice' (from dikazo 'judge'), etc.
Teachers of ancient history through the medium of English will be interested in Neville Morley's chapter on how translators have tried to deal with Greek terms for which there are no precise modern equivalents, words such as agora, bouleuterion
, banausoi, dikaiosyne, dokimasia and so on.
It struck me as I walked by the theatre, agoras, baths, gymnasium and bouleuterion
(council hall) that a whole series of 'firsts' from the Ionian Enlightenment were once among these stones, watching, exercising, washing or doing what they were particularly good at--thinking.
It features the temples of Zeus, Hera, the Stadium, the Bouleuterion
where athletes were sworn in, the Prytaneion (site of the eternal flame) the Treasuries, the Gymnasium and the Leonidaion (a guesthouse dating from 330 BC).
255 pieces of Archaic fine ware in the building fill of the Old Bouleuterion
, dated on the basis of black-gloss and black-figure no later than 500, (65) and only two uncertain fragments were recovered from below the original clay floor of the nearby Building J, which Shear places in the early 5th century.
While Sickinger is generally convincing in his arguments, he often admits that conjecture is involved, and the reader grows accustomed to phrases like "it is not unreasonable to suppose ..." Minor faults include the complete lack of illustrations (e.g., drawings of devices discussed, archaeological plans) and the insufficient attention given to public records kept elsewhere than the Bouleuterion
or Metroon during the classical era; the book's title and broader interests would seem to prescribe greater consideration of them.
The delivery of this speech, which was held in the bouleuterion
of Antioch, took three days.