Bovidae

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Bovidae

[′bō·və‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of pecoran ruminants in the superfamily Bovoidea containing the true antelopes, sheep, and goats.

Bovidae

 

a family of mammals of the order Artiodactyla. Unlike the Cervidae (deer), the Bovidae have hollow horns that rest on projections of the frontal bones and that grow and are not replaced during the animal’s life. Upper incisors and canines are absent; the molars have crescent-shaped enamel ridges on the chewing surface. The stomach is complex and multichambered, and the cecum is well developed. The family Bovidae includes cattle, goats, sheep, and antelopes.

References in periodicals archive ?
Investigating closely related bovids brought this trend into even sharper relief.
Most numerous are fragments of bovid figurines, in particular the numerous conical fragments of horns (Figure 4: 4-7).
Surprisingly, gazelles and other hoofed creatures, known collectively as bovids, accounted for only 13 percent to 28 percent of the mammals at each time.
It is a large bovid about 6.5 ft (2 m) tall and 10 ft (3 m) long from the head to the base of the tail, and can weigh up to 2,200 lb (1,000 kg).
In a preliminary review of Pleistocene-age fossils from Muskox Cave, Logan (1981) indicates recovery of an undescribed mountain goat-like bovid. Mountain goats are a form of caprine bovid (Artiodactyla: Bovidae: Caprinae) and typically are placed within the problematic, and likely polyphyletic, tribe Rupicaprini (Gentry 1992).
The Bison bison is a member of the Bovid family; although not a true buffalo, it is related to the Indian water buffalo, African Cape buffalo, and the European bison.
Only for bovid horns [TABULAR DATA FOR TABLE VI OMITTED] do safety factors appear not to change with increasing body size (Kitchener, 1991).
Since the likelihood of finding the kouprey remains slight, the World Wildlife's Fund Hanoi office has not allocated its limited funds to prioritize this mystery bovid. Steven Hendrix, Quest for the Kouprey, READER'S DIG., Sept.
More than 50 species are currently recognized within the bovid tribes Alcelaphini and Hippotragini (Vrba 1979; 1987).
Current study was aimed to characterize the genomic mutation in COMT gene (V158M) as marker for aggression in four Bovid species (cattle, buffalo, sheep and goat).
The four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis de Blainville, 1816) or chowsingha is the smallest solitary Asian herbivore bovid (adult weight 17-22 kg, stands 55-64 cm at the shoulder) endemic to peninsular India and Nepal (Leslie & Sharma 2009); lives in undulating and hilly terrain (Prater 1980, Baskaran et al.
The largest of the Asian antelopes, the Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus) is a bovid that was defined for the first time in 1766 by Pallas.