parvovirus

(redirected from bovine parvovirus)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

parvovirus

(pär'vōvī`rəs), any of several small DNA viruses that cause several diseases in animals, including humans. In humans, parvoviruses cause fifth disease, or erythema infectiosum, an acute disease usually affecting young children. Symptoms include a rash that spreads from the cheeks (hence the common name slap-cheek disease) to the extremities, low fever, fatigue, and, in adults, mild to severe joint pain and swelling. Treatment consists of bed rest, fluids, and acetaminophenacetaminophen
, an analgesic and fever-reducing medicine. It is an active ingredient in many over-the-counter medicines, including Tylenol and Midol. Introduced in the early 1900s, acetaminophen is a coal tar derivative that acts by interfering with the synthesis of
..... Click the link for more information.
 for the fever. Parvoviruses have also been associated with aplastic anemia, arthritis, and spontaneous abortion in humans.

Dogs, wolves, and coyotes can become infected with canine parvovirus. Puppies are most susceptible to the virus, which causes diarrhea, vomiting, and fever. There was an outbreak of canine parvovirus in the United States in 1978, and it has become more common worldwide since then. Feline distemper, also called feline panleukopenia, an often fatal disease of cats, raccoons, and minks caused by a parvovirus, is characterized by fever, dehydration, loss of appetite, and a reduction in white blood cells. Annual vaccination against parvoviruses is routine in cats and dogs.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

parvovirus

[¦pär·vō′vī·rəs]
(virology)
The equivalent name for picodnavirus.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Characterization of Model Viruses Used in Virus Validation Studies Virus Genome Enveloped Family BPV DNA No Parvo XMuLV RNA Yes Retro PRV DNA Yes Herpes BVDV RNA Yes Flavi Resistance to Physicochemical Virus Size (nm) Reagents BPV 20-25 High XMuLV 80-100 Low PRV 150-200 Medium BVDV 40-70 Medium BPV = bovine parvovirus; XMuLV = xenotropic murine leukemia virus; PRV = pseudorabies virus; BVDV = bovine viral diarrhea virus Table 2.
Viruses: Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheaitis virus (IBR), Bovine Virus Diarrhea (BVD), Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus (BRSV), Bovine Parvovirus (BPV); (2) fungi: Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus niger; (3) Parasite: Cryptosporidium parvum.
The latter belongs to the Parvoviridae family and is most closely related to bovine parvovirus and canine minute virus (CnMV), which are members of the genus Bocavirus (6).

Full browser ?