brachial artery


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brachial artery

[′brā·kē·əl ′ärd·ə·rē]
(anatomy)
An artery which originates at the axillary artery and branches into the radial and ulnar arteries; it distributes blood to the various muscles of the arm, the shaft of the humerus, the elbow joint, the forearm, and the hand.
References in periodicals archive ?
[12] Brachial artery is a muscular artery made up of many layers of the vascular smooth muscle cells and the tone of this vessel is mainly under the influence of SNS along with hormones such as NO and angiotensin II.
The morphoeic lesion was anatomically localised in relation to the right cubital fossa, the skin that is immediately in front of the brachial artery. The patient correlated the evolution of her skin lesion with a traumatic injury of her right elbow, for which she was treated with physiotherapy and Low-Level Laser Therapy.
Brachial artery lesion may be secondary to various insults, such as entrapment, division, spasm of the vessel, the presence of an intimal tear, or thrombus formation [11].
(12) demonstrated a 30% decrease in brachial artery FMD after 4 weeks of dynamic handgrip training combined with BFR, while FMD in the contralateral uncuffed arm increased by 24%.
Caption: FIGURE 3: Repeat angiography of the left upper extremity after revascularization, showing a 6 x 60 mm stent in the axillary artery and a 6 x 30 mm stent in the proximal brachial artery (arrows).
(6,14,30) However, they usually branch much higher, either from the axillary artery or the brachial artery as it courses in the arm, and are classified as superficial brachioulnar arteries.
Katzenschlager et al., "Late prognostic value of flow-mediated dilation in the brachial artery of patients with chestpain," The American Journal of Cardiology, vol.
Relationship between augmentation index and flow- mediated vasodilation in the brachial artery. Hypertens Res2008; 31: 1293-8.9.
Baseline brachial artery diameter (BAD), flow-mediated dilation (FMD), and nitroglycerin-mediated dilation (NMD) have been used as intermediate outcomes in studies of cardiovascular responses to pollution in controlled human exposure (Brook et al.
[7] The median nerve or brachial artery or both may run beneath it leading to their compression.
He was transported to a local hospital with an open fracture of the left distal humerus and an injury of the left brachial artery and upper arm median nerve.