brachial

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brachial

[′brā·kē·əl]
(zoology)
Of or relating to an arm or armlike process.
References in periodicals archive ?
* patients who complained of pain, mid-way in brachial block because of inadequate effect.
The study was carried out to compare hemodynamic, sedative, motor and sensory effects of Ropivacaine alone and Ropivacaine along with Dexmedetomidine in supraclavicular brachial block in upper limb surgery.
A clinical comparison of Ropivacaine 0.75%, Ropivacaine 1% or bupivacaine 0.5% for interscalene brachial block. EUR J anaesthesiol 1999;16(11):784-789.
observed that that the addition of dexamethasone to mepivacaine for ultrasound-guided supraclavicular brachial plexus block in patients undergoing upper-limb surgery provides a longer duration of postoperative analgesia when compared to brachial block performed with 0.5% levobupivacaine alone.
Kardas K et al(10) stated that 75 mcg fentanyl did not produce any change in blockade characteristics in 1.5% mepivacaine induced supraclavicular brachial block. In axillary block, no difference in onset was observed when 100mcg fentanyl was added to 0.25% bupivacaine as quoted by Karakaya D et al.(11) In contrast, however, Nishikawa K et al(5) and Chavan SG et al(12) mentioned that onset time of analgesia was prolonged in every nerve trunk by adding fentanyl to axillary brachial plexus block, probably due to changes in pH on addition of 100 mcg.
(13) Keshav Govind Rao et al in their randomized double blind prospective study observed dexmedetomidine as much better adjuvant in supraclavicular brachial block" as compared to clonidine in terms of intraoperative anaesthesia and total duration of analgesia.
Ondansetron 4mg (i.v) before brachial block via the peripheral vein, which was located on the contralateral arm by a 20-gauge cannula.