brachial plexus


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Related to brachial plexus: Brachial plexus injury, brachial plexus block

brachial plexus

[′brā·kē·əl ′plek·səs]
(neuroscience)
A plexus of nerves located in the neck and axilla and composed of the anterior rami of the lower four cervical and first thoracic nerves.
References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed clinical suspicion can be lessened by the absence of hard initial signs of arterial injury (6) and the patient may present much later with potentially irreversible sequelae, particularly brachial plexus injuries (5).
Obstetrical brachial plexus palsy affects 2 in 1000 live births (Greenwald, Schute, & Shiveley, 1984).
These results suggest that when modifying surgical approaches, surgeons should consider using the musculocutaneous nerve as a recipient nerve for repairing brachial plexus injury [Table 3].
Epidemiology of brachial plexus injuries in a multitrauma population.
Under all aseptic precautions, supraclavicular brachial plexus block was given in the patients by 22 gauge needle with the help of peripheral nerve locator.
In this study, we evaluated the results of the trapezius transfer for reconstruction of shoulder motion in adult patients with longstanding traumatic brachial plexus injuries.
Casati and Conceicao8,9 compared ultrasound-guided with neurostimulation-guided axillary brachial plexus block and found similar success rates for both techniques.
Keywords: Brachial plexus injury, Nerve transfer, Nerve conduction studies.
Regional anesthesia in the brachial plexus has several clinical applications and multiple advantages over general anesthesia in upper limb surgery, including better postoperative analgesia, (1,2) lower opioid use, (3-5) less postoperative nausea and vomiting (6-8) and, consequently, decreased use of antiemetics, shorter time to ambulation and hospital discharge (6,9,10) and shorter PACU stay.