brachycephalic

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brachycephalic

[¦brak·i·sə′fal·ik]
(anthropology)
Being short- or broad-headed, that is, having a cephalic index of over 80.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
While it is not only the brachycephalic breeds who are at risk, the majority of the emergency admissions to the hospital this week have been Brachycephalic dogs.
This includes brachycephalic breeds and dogs with laryngeal paralysis and heart disease.
Lisa Hsuan, a veterinarian at the Animal Health Care Center in Los Angeles, said brachycephalic breeds are seen as 'cute, funny, trendy and sociable,' as well as entertaining-think of those videos of skateboarding bulldogs on social media.
"The fact is that while there is some risk with traveling with a brachycephalic breed on a plane, traveling with them in the cabin can be done safely if the right measures are taken by both the owner and the airline," Block said.
Brachycephalic breeds will sound as though they're snoring when they breathe because of air moving through narrowed air passages, Among the breeds are:
"Many airlines refuse to transport certain breeds of dogs, notably pugs, bulldogs and other brachycephalic breeds, due to the respiratory issues from which these animals are prone to suffer.
These brachycephalic breeds have very narrow air passages and when they get hot the walls of these passages swell and reduce the amount of space available for air movement and they can quite literally suffocate.
The brachycephalic breeds, such as bulldogs, have noses set so high on their muzzles that they can't reach them with their tongues, so the noses tend to become cracked and dry on top.
Old or obese dogs and such brachycephalic breeds as the pug are especially susceptible.
Dogs like Pugs, English Bulldogs and French Bulldogs with a more flattened facial shape (known as Brachycephalic breeds) are especially susceptible.
"I'd say the majority of deaths they are seeing in airline travel are with those Brachycephalic breeds, meaning those short-nosed breeds like bulldogs, French bulldogs, pugs," she said.