The taxa show brachydont
dentition indicating that the palaeoecosystems were probably favourable for browsers, feeding in woodlands.
The studied specimens are brachydont
and small in size having thick enamel sculpture, so they resemble best with the Lower Siwalik genera Giraffokeryx or Giraffa (Colbert, 1935; Bhatti, 2005; Khan et al., 2010).
cricetid rodent having protolophule II [paraloph] not aligned with the anterior arm of the hypocone in upper molars (M), but with the entolophid aligned with the anterior arm of the protoconid in lower molars (m).
The tooth is brachydont
and is in middle stage of wear.
A such study might have employed the usual division of fossil horses into brachydont
and hypsodont taxa.
The studied teeth are brachydont
, which is the character of Rucervus (Fig.
mexicana from Cedral to data reported for modern ungulate species (with the exclusion of the minute, abraded brachydont
ungulates) classified into three dietary categories: browsers, mixed feeders, and grazers (as reported by Fortelius and Solounias, 2000).
Hypsodonty Index: Hypsodonty index shows that Giraffokeryx punjabiensis is a brachydont
The molars are brachydont
. The main conids are low and conical with exposed dentine.
The dentition of these early cervids is generally comparable with those of Moschidae with a most advanced brachydont
cervoid dentition (Gentry et al., 1999).
, definitely convex non-smooth lingual wall, rugose enamel, small size and presence of weak caprine fold are distinct features of Elachistoceras.
This genus is distinguished by brachydont
to subhypsodont teeth with some degree of variation.