branch

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branch

1. a secondary woody stem arising from the trunk or bough of a tree or the main stem of a shrub
2. a subdivision of the stem or root of any other plant
3. US any small stream
4. Maths a section of a curve separated from the rest of the curve by discontinuities or special points
5. Computing a departure from the normal sequence of programmed instructions into a separate program area
6. Physics an alternative route in an atomic or nuclear decay series

Branch

 

an extension of a river. A branch is produced by sedimentation in the form of an alluvial islet or island or by breaks in meanders. A myriad of branches is especially characteristic of deltas. Less frequently, branches are produced when a current must bypass nonerodible rock projecting from the river bottom. Depending on changes in a stream’s regime, the current shapes alternating branches. A branch may become the principal stream when the original stream gradually shallows and turns into a secondary branch.

Local Russian names for branches include volozhka (Volga), poloi (Severnaia Dvina), rechishche (Dnieper), starodon’e (Don), and girlo (Danube). Secondary branches are called channels.


Branch

 

an organization that is a part of another organization, enterprise, or institution and that has the status of a juridical person. The branch performs some of the parent organization’s functions, frequently in a place other than the organization’s headquarters. In Soviet law, branches are established according to procedures specified in the legislation of the USSR and Union republics. In civil operations, a branch acts on behalf of the legal person that formed it; the authority to do so comes from a power of attorney given to the director of the branch (art. 31 of the Civil Code of the RSFSR). The status of a representative of a legal person differs from that of a branch in that the former always operates in a place other than the headquarters of the organization and performs some auxiliary, rather than primary, function or activity.

branch

[branch]
(botany)
A shoot or secondary stem on the trunk or a limb of a tree.
(computer science)
Any one of a number of instruction sequences in a program to which computer control is passed, depending upon the status of one or more variables.
(electricity)
A portion of a network consisting of one or more two-terminal elements in series. Also known as arm.
(engineering)
In a piping system, a pipe that originates in or discharges into another pipe. Also known as branch line.
(hydrology)
A small stream that merges into another, generally bigger, stream.
(mathematics)
A complex function which is analytic in some domain and which takes on one of the values of a multiple-valued function in that domain.
A section of a curve that is separated from other sections of the curve by discontinuities, singular points, or other special points such as maxima and minima.
(nuclear physics)
A product resulting from one mode of decay of a radioactive nuclide that has two or more modes of decay.
(organic chemistry)
(science and technology)
An area of study representing an independent offshoot of a related basic discipline.

branch

In plumbing, a pipe which originates in or discharges into a main, submain, riser, or stack.

branch

(mathematics)
An edge in a tree.

branch

(programming)
A jump.

branch

(1) In a low-level programming language, a statement that directs the computer to go to some other part of the program. In assembly languages, "branch" or "jump" instructions provide this capability. In high-level languages, a "goto" statement, as well as several other programming constructs, provide the equivalent of the branch. For example, "IF A EQUALS B GOTO MATCH_ROUTINE." See branch prediction and do loop.

(2) A connection between two blocks in a flowchart or two nodes in a network.
References in periodicals archive ?
rudis, which are much thicker and more branched and have longer and thicker branchlets, produced much more dry weight than C.
Our results show a 40.7% decline in spine density on the branchlets of old cerebellar PCs, indicating a significant loss of synapses during ageing.
Mean number of branchlets per terminal branch was higher for B.
Stumping: In this case trunk is cut three to five feet (one to one and half meters) height and new shoot starting from the trunk are used as new branchlets. Five to six branchlets are selected around the trunk to become new branches.
LEAF DESCRIPTION: 1/4" SCALE-LIKE leaves, appearing in WHORLS of 3 on many branchlets, grooved on the underside.
Cryptomeria japonica `Tansu': This attractive dwarf slowly forms a broad pyramid of mid-green, its ropelike branchlets clothed with needles that twist spirally around the stem.
replicas weighing branchlets down, floating from gold
Unique Characteristics: Stem is woody with many slender branchlets; very durable; photo shows flowering stage.
Quantitative information on trends of specific root length along gradients of dryness is not available, but it is notable that many of the dicotyledonous families of the wet tropics have "magnolioid" roots (Baylis 1975) with thick terminal branchlets (e.g., Annonaceae, Lauraceae, Magnoliaceae, Monimiaceae, and Myristicaceae), whereas families prominent in drier forests tend to have finer ultimate branchlets (e.g., Anacardiaceae, Burseraceae, and Meliaceae).
Although not evergreen, the tracery of its polished mahogany branchlets make a lovely winter feature.