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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(in Russian, iharovnia). (1) In the production of vegetable oil, an apparatus for the heat treatment of cleaned and ground oil-bearing seeds (so-called pulp) before pressing. The pulp is warmed in the brazier and steamed at the same time. The main component of the brazier is a steel (more rarely cast-iron) cylindrical vessel or vat, in the side walls and bottom of which is a steam jacket. Two knives are mounted on the vertical shaft of the brazier, and as the shaft slowly rotates (30 to 40 rpm), these knives mix the pulp, preventing it from burning. Braziers may be of the two-vat or three-vat type, and so on. The vats can be placed in a checkered fashion, so that each upper vat covers the one beneath it with only part of its bottom surface, or in a column, one above the other. (The latter type is more efficient.)

(2) In household use, a brazier is a small stove, without a pipe, in the form of an iron cylinder on legs and with apertures in the lower part to admit air. The fuel used in such a brazier is charcoal.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A receptacle containing burning coal or coke; sometimes used to dry out a building.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Several researchers have reported other finds of Precambrian sponge spicules, but many turned out to be volcanic shards or mineral crystals and all remain controversial, says Brasier. In Australian rocks of Ediacaran age, paleontologists have found round fossils that they identify as the compressed bodies of sponges.
"We've proved it is feasible to identify predictive proteins associated with DHF," said Brasier.
Cardigan magistrates gave Brasier a conditional discharge for six months.
Brasier says the isotopic shifts appear to have occurred concurrently from Morocco to Siberia, which apparently sat on the coastline of a giant supercontinent at the time.
Following the tragedy, the Bichard Inquiry introduced new intelligence sharing procedures, but in the case of Brasier the system failed.
The claim was challenged by a team led by Martin Brasier at Oxford University who said the "bugs" were just as likely to be lumps of graphite trapped in the rock.
On ne peut alors que saluer bien fort cette reactivite salutaire de la part de nombre de decideurs, au coeur de ce brasier qui s'enflamme au fil des jours.
Ils ont alimente le brasier en apportant aide et soutien a un [beaucoup moins que] camp [beaucoup plus grand que] contre l'autre.
Also present at the medals parade yesterday were Kingsmen Thomas Reilly, 23, from Speke, Michael Fazakerley, 21, from Aigburth, and dad-of-one Michael Brasier, 27, from Croxteth.
Police had failed to tell Cheryle Hibbert that Dan Brasier was a sex offender who has since been convicted of online grooming and possessing child-porn images.