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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(in Russian, iharovnia). (1) In the production of vegetable oil, an apparatus for the heat treatment of cleaned and ground oil-bearing seeds (so-called pulp) before pressing. The pulp is warmed in the brazier and steamed at the same time. The main component of the brazier is a steel (more rarely cast-iron) cylindrical vessel or vat, in the side walls and bottom of which is a steam jacket. Two knives are mounted on the vertical shaft of the brazier, and as the shaft slowly rotates (30 to 40 rpm), these knives mix the pulp, preventing it from burning. Braziers may be of the two-vat or three-vat type, and so on. The vats can be placed in a checkered fashion, so that each upper vat covers the one beneath it with only part of its bottom surface, or in a column, one above the other. (The latter type is more efficient.)

(2) In household use, a brazier is a small stove, without a pipe, in the form of an iron cylinder on legs and with apertures in the lower part to admit air. The fuel used in such a brazier is charcoal.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A receptacle containing burning coal or coke; sometimes used to dry out a building.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thousands of well-wishers offered heartfelt condolences after news of Jo Braziers death was announced on Twitter earlier this month.
Colin Brazier has requested that mourners refrain from wearing colourful clothes at his wife'sfuneral.
Father-of-six Brazier also said attempting to "rejoice" in death was "unfair on children".
Brazier's wife Jo, 55,died earlier this month after a long battle with breast cancer.
Colin Brazier says mourners should wear black to allow grieving
Colin Brazier tweeted a picture of a letter addressed to his late wife, Jo, sent by Hampshire Hospitals NHS Trust.
Mrs Brazier, married to the newsreader for 20 years, died aged 55 on July 6.
Alongside an image of the letter inviting Mrs Brazier for a screening on September 14, he wrote: "I know the NHS is the closest thing we have to a state religion etc, but invitations to breast screening fall on deaf ears to those who've already died of breast cancer".
Brazier, 50, later tweeted to say that the letter was "a minor irritation" while calling for a "sense of perspective".