brazilwood


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Related to brazilwood: pernambuco wood

brazilwood,

common name for several trees of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family) whose wood yields a red dye. The dye has largely been replaced by synthetic dyes for fabrics, but it is still used in high-quality red inks. The bright red wood, which takes a high polish, is used in cabinetwork and for making violin bows. The East Indian redwood, or sapanwood (Caesalpinia sappan), was called "bresel wood" when it was first imported to Europe in the Middle Ages; Portuguese explorers used this name for a similar South American tree (C. echinata), from which the name Brazil for its native country purportedly derives. The latter species has been severely depleted in its native range, and international trade in the raw wood is now regulated. Brazilwoods are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Oswald de Andrade takes advantage of the modernist novelty of the Pau Brasil poems and manifesto to rebuild the boundaries of the nation, through certain images (brazilwood itself being a prime example), new geometry, and the complexities of moments and places seemingly scattered across the land of Brazil and beyond.
1534: The brazilwood in the captaincy [the first subdivisions of Brazil] and any spices or drugs of any type found there shall belong to me [King Joao III, r.
Pau-Brasil, or Brazilwood, the major export crop during the colonial period, became a symbol for this movement.
Brunelle has pointed out that although the Dieppe school of cartographers was active for only a generation, from about 1535 to 1562, these were also the decades in which French trade with the New World was at its sixteenth century height, in terms of the North Atlantic fish trade, the still fledgling fur trade, and, most important for the cartographers, the rivalry with the Portuguese for control of the coasts of Brazil and the supplies of lucrative brazilwood. The bright red dye produced from brazilwood (Caesalpina echinata) replaced woad (Isatis tinctoria) as the primary dyestuff in the cloth industry in France and the Low Countries.
And Brazil would like increased protection for the tree after which the country was named: brazilwood or pernambuco (Caesalpinia echinata).
Portuguese colonization policy for Brazil was prompted initially by a different set of factors, namely competition from French merchant interlopers whose interest in brazilwood and incitement of native Americans would, it was feared, lead to permanent settlements.
Bloodwood, of satine, is also called Brazilwood, which can be confusing, since so many woods share this name, including pau ferro (Guilandina echinata).
"The juice [of the brazilwood tree], prized by dyers in Europe, was applied to wool, cotton, and silk.
Countering this influence in the second chapter, he identifies Brazil as the 'quintessential object' of early modern imperialist discourse and its commodities--in particular Brazilwood (or pau-brasil)--as objects onto which European power and desire were projected.
The identification was brazilwood which was being imported into Europe from Asia as early as the 13th century.
The brazilwood tree (Caesalpinia echinata) became a major commodity during the second half of the 16th century; its beautiful, dense, red wood was in great demand for lumber and as a source or dye for the European textile industry.
Back in 1500, the coast was lush with Brazilwood, so called because the color of the bark reminded the explorers of red-hot coals, or brasas.