breast implant


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breast implant,

saline- or silicone-filled prosthesis used after mastectomymastectomy
, surgical removal of breast tissue, usually done as treatment for breast cancer. There are many types of mastectomy. In general, the farther the cancer has spread, the more tissue is taken.
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 as a part of the breast reconstruction process or used cosmetically to augment small breasts. An implant consists of a fluid-filled, malleable pouch that is designed to mimic to the look and feel of natural breast tissue when inserted into a pocket created under the skin in a procedure called a mammoplasty.

After reports that leakage from silicone-filled implants might be causing autoimmune diseases (e.g., lupuslupus
, noninfectious chronic disease in which antibodies in an individual's immune system attack the body's own substances. In lupus, known medically as lupus erythematosus, antibodies are produced against the individual's own cells, causing tissue inflammation and cell damage.
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, arthritisarthritis,
painful inflammation of a joint or joints of the body, usually producing heat and redness. There are many kinds of arthritis. In its various forms, arthritis disables more people than any other chronic disorder.
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, scleroderma) in some women, the Food and Drug Administration in 1992 called for a moratorium on their use outside clinical trials. The ensuing scare resulted in the largest product liability settlement in U.S. history and the Chapter-11 bankruptcy of Dow Corning Corporation, one of the makers of the implants. Despite legal settlements in the billions of dollars, the claims against silicone-filled implants remain anecdotal; numerous scientific studies have found no link or only a weak equivocal link between the implants and disease. The use of silicone-filled implants was again approved by the FDA for reconstructive surgery in 1998 and for cosmetic surgery in 2006.

In 2010 silicone-filled implants manufactured by the French company Poly Implant Protheses (PIP) were banned after it was discovered that the firm had used industrial-grade, instead of medical-grade, silicone gel. Industrial-grade silicone has more contaminants, and French authorities advised (2011) that French women have the implants removed because they were believed to have a higher than normal incidence of rupture. Some countries adopted similar recommendations, while others did not; the implants had not been licensed for use in the United States. A 2012 British report on the PIP implants found that the gel used in them did not constitute a long-term health threat.

Bibliography

See M. Angell, Science on Trial (1996).

References in periodicals archive ?
Newport Beach, CA, August 25, 2019 --(PR.com)-- En Bloc capsulectomy is gaining in popularity among patients that have breast implants. This procedure involves the explant of breast implants, either silicone or saline, as well as total removal of the capsule, a total capsulectomy together or en bloc removal of implants without separating them.
The Asian Breast Implants market size is estimated to be valued at US$ 140.93 Mn in 2017 and is expected to witness a robust CAGR of 7.0% during the forecast period (2018 - 2026).
"The textured breast implants from Allergan have been completely withdrawn after the notification.
The FDA has been diligently monitoring this issue since we first identified the possible association between breast implants and ALCL in 2011 and, at that time, communicated to patients and providers that there is a risk for women with breast implants, more frequently occurring in women with textured implants, for developing this disease.
In addition, the FDA issued a safety communication Wednesday for patients with breast implants, patients considering breast implants, and their health care providers.
Last month the Mirror revealed A-bailiffs have visited women given faulty breast implants in the poly implant prothese, PIP, scandal to warn they may have to return payouts following a legal appeal.
Breast implants are used in breast enhancements, or for reconstructive purposes after a mastectomy for breast cancer.
[USA], Sep 18 ( ANI ): According to a study, silicone breast implants could increase the risk of several rare adverse outcomes in women.
due to PIP breast implant leakage--a new entity?" Histopathology, vol.
It is associated with textured breast implants of all types, from all approved manufacturers.
It comes after a global breast implant scandal emerged in 2010.
The breast implant location is typically described in relation to the pectoralis major muscle and is either in the prepectoral/subglandular location (anterior to the pectoralis major muscle), or subpectoral (posterior to the pectoralis major muscle).