(redirected from breathing exercise)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial.

physical fitness

physical fitness, combined good health and physical development. The object of any program of physical fitness is to maximize an individual's health, strength, endurance, and skill relative to age, sex, body build, and physiology. These ends can only be realized through conscientious regulation of exercise, rest, diet, and periodic medical and dental examinations. Exercise should be regular and vigorous, but begun slowly and only gradually increased in strenuousness. Short periods of vigorous exercise repeated several times during a day can be as beneficial to physical health as one longer daily session. Popular exercise methods include jogging, cycling, and the use of body-building machines. It is more important that periods of sleep be regular and restful than that they extend any fixed number of hours. A properly balanced diet in proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals is essential. Conscientious dental hygiene and periodic checkups are also strongly advised. Complete and regular physical examinations should be the basis of any program of physical development. Tobacco smoking, as well as alcohol and drug consumption, are counterproductive to any physical fitness program. Although sports are related to physical fitness, care must be taken that injuries do not occur, and that the skin is adequately protected against the cancerous effects of solar radiation.


See historical study by J. Whorton (1982).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.


1. US and Canadian a ceremony or formal routine, esp at a school or college
2. Gymnastics a particular type of event, such as performing on the horizontal bar
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Pal GK et al [11] in their study reported that slow breathing exercise for three months increased parasympathetic tone and decreased sympathetic tone.
Moreover, deep breathing exercise in open aid some of the systems of body which are harmed by stress.
Subjects who are unable to perform breathing exercise due to reasons like nasal pathology including DNS and sinusitis
With a new stress management tracker, Galaxy Watch tracks your heart rate, and provides breathing exercises to help users stay focused.
Breathing exercises can be used to calm or energise oneself.
The mean systolic blood pressure in all groups before and after breathing exercise were demonstrated in Table
"Diaphragmatic breathing exercise training can be a useful adjunct to current pharmacologic options in treating these patients," the authors write.
Next year there'll be an app called Samten, with sections especially for young people, but for now here are the steps of the breathing exercise PREPARATION | Posture - sitting still Sit on a chair in a quiet place.
Performing a simple breathing exercise for four minutes before going to sleep will lower your levels of stress hormone cortisol and switch off any "fight or flight" response that might keep you awake.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of breathing exercise on selected biophysiological parameters and quality of life of patients with COPD.
Breathe well and live well with COPD; a 28-day breathing exercise plan.