Planned caesarean section versus planned vaginal birth for breech presentation
at term: a randomised multi-centre trial.
Perinatal mortality in breech presentation
as compared to vertex presentation in singleton pregnancies: An analysis based on 57,819 computer-registered pregnancies in the Netherlands.
For example, consider a mother with a prior cesarean but no breech presentation
Four were referred from midwife-run clinics during antenatal care for breech presentation
The association found between breech presentation
and ASD most likely indicates a shared cause, such as neuromuscular dysfunction.
With breech presentation
, caesarean delivery substantially reduces risks to the baby.
Basil van Iddekinge from Johannesburg, who authored the paper, said "Since the 'Term Breech Trial' was published in the Lancet in 2000, CS has been widely adopted as the delivery method of choice for women presenting with a persistent breech presentation
can be frustrating for women planning a vaginal birth.
Table 4 indicates that the probability of a c-section for breech presentation
, previous cesarean section, and all other diagnoses (other than dystocia and fetal distress) is changed in HMO settings by -.
If we accept that the incidence of breech presentation
at term is 3%-4%, then I will assume I was confronted with this situation about 250 times during my years in practice.
Nir Melamed, found that while girls were at a higher risk for restricted growth in utero and for breech presentation
at birth, risks associated with boy foetuses were more abundant.
The agreement aims to reduce referrals to hospitals, but the Dutch Association for Obstetrics and Gynaecology says that all women with complications, including breech presentation
, should be referred to a hospital gynaecologist.