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(brĭg`əndĭj) [Ital. brigare=to fight], robbery and plundering committed by armed bands, often associated with forests or mountain regions. Social and political demoralization, economic or political oppression, and racial or religious antagonisms may give rise to brigandage, especially if the area provides suitable hiding places for the brigands. Brigandage can flourish during the disintegration of a state, as the decline of the Roman Empire; at a time of major economic and social change, as at the end of the feudal ages; after a great war, in the early stages of frontier settlement, as in early California and in the Australian bush; or in national borderlands, as in Scotland. Some argue that when a strong centralized authority develops, or when a disciplined constabulary is organized, brigandage disappears or goes underground. Others argue that people held under intolerable economic subjection adopt brigandage as a means of retaliation. Under the latter conditions, the bandit is often protected by a sympathetic public opinion, and can become a popular hero, a symbol of resistance to tyranny. Thus supported, the brigand leader may extend his jurisdiction over a wide area, establishing a recognized authority. The lawless lives of brigands and highwaymen have often become legends. Stories of gallantry and heroism have gathered about many brigands, especially those who were the victims of social or political oppression, who were rebels rather than bandits. Ballads and folk tales have grown about brigands such as Dick Turpin, the highwayman; Hereward the Wake; Robin Hood; Stenka Razin, the Cossack; Fra Diavolo of Italy; and Jesse James of the United States.


See C. J. Finger, Highwaymen (1925, repr. 1970); D. Dolci, Outlaws (1961); C. Hibbert, Highwaymen (1968); E. Hobsbawm, Bandits (1969).

References in periodicals archive ?
on dont il le presente semble adopter le point de vue d'un brigand visant une prochaine proie : Chemmis est << prosp?
Drama came in a different form, however, last week on Brigand, as one of those on board had a suspected heart attack when out more than 20 miles from land.
0" because his style of operation is similar to that of the late forest brigand who tormented Karnataka and Tamil Nadu Police for over four decades.
Polished by the cold winter wind, these artificial cones formed an eerie lunar landscape," Brigand said in a description posted on his website.
Photius affirme meme que ce sont les maitres qui ont transforme leurs bergers en brigands en les abandonnant sans controle dans les solitudes des pacages, Ies laissant seuls (quand ils ne les y poussaient pas) assurer leur subsistance par des rapines (5).
French producer Alain Brigand had the idea of asking internationally known directors from 11 different countries to make short films that expressed their personal - and, by extension, their cultures' - reactions to the cataclysmic events.
A highly appropriate result to the 10-furlong handicap at Salisbury as Herbert Blagrave wins the race in memory of his wife Gwen when Red Brigand (John Matthias) gets the better of Hector (Dick Hern/Taffy Thomas).
He has worked on his own boat, Brigand Charter, for four years now and at only 35 years of age he has established himself as a leading figure among the fishing boats harbouring within and visiting the Liverpool Marina.
N Sriramachandran, nephew of slain forest brigand Veerappan, has filed his nomination papers against BJP's PM nominee Narendra Modi in Varanasi and Congress vice- president Rahul Gandhi in Amethi.
Of particular importance to his analysis is the figure of the haiduk, the anti-Ottoman heroic brigand from Balkan folkloric tradition somewhat analogous to the character of Robin Hood.
Alan Arrojado, Joint Task Group Sulu commander, identified the arrested Abu Sayyaf brigand as Saddam Jailani, who was arrested Friday.
Thomas Johnson, from | |Huyton, with an 8lb 7oz cod on Brigand Charter