brilliant


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.

brilliant

1. (of a colour) having a high saturation and reflecting a considerable amount of light; vivid
2. Music (of the tone of an instrument) having a large proportion of high harmonics above the fundamental

Brilliant

 

a diamond that has been cut to a specific form (the so-called brilliant cut), with a specific number of facets, bringing out the maximum natural brilliance of the stone. Such a cut is also applied to other stones, such as rock crystal and topaz. The form of the brilliant cut is a combination of two pyramids, one of which (the upper) is truncated. The facets of the crown and pavilion are arranged in several tiers. A triple tier is common (the so-called triple brilliant cut). In classical gem cutting, the diamond has 56 lateral facets. The facets are placed in such a way that a parallel light beam falling on the surface of the gem is subjected to total reflection within the diamond. The light thus reflected is refracted into the rays of the spectrum because of the high light dispersion in the diamond. Thus, in reflected light a brilliant sparkles with all the colors of the rainbow.

Brilliants are used in jewelry making: they are mounted in settings of precious metals, either singly (most often in rings, earrings, and cufflinks) or in groups, forming separate elements or the entire basis of the composition of a piece of jewelry (such as a brooch or tiara). Brilliants adorn certain metals and higher orders of distinction (such as the Order of Victory and the Marshal’s Star). The mass of a brilliant is measured in carats.

IU. D. AKSENTON

brilliant

A term used to describe armaments that are not only smart (i.e., capable of precision guidance) but that can be reprogrammed in air, if required. Brilliant munitions guide themselves to the target without any external guidance or inputs.

Brilliant

One of five pedagogical languages based on Markov algorithms, used in ["Nonpareil, a Machine Level Machine Independent Language for the Study of Semantics", B. Higman, ULICS Intl Report No ICSI 170, U London (1968)].

See also Diamond, Nonpareil, Pearl, Ruby.
References in periodicals archive ?
State Development Minister Dr Anthony Lynham said Brilliant Prints would use the $107,000 grant to install a technologically advanced printing and processing system.
Brilliant Experience specialises in customer engagement and cognitive design.
Keywords: Brilliant blue FCF, Sunset yellow, Triton X-100, Cloud point extraction, Spectrophotometric, Food samples.
Brilliant Ale is, as its name suggests, a brilliant gold colour and pours with a very foamy white head.
Signature by Hamilton & Inches, earrings in 18ct white gold with rows of brilliant cut diamonds PS4,400 .
Brilliant CEO Darren Bianchi stated, "Our ability to combine manufacturing, R&D, Quality Control and Technical Support under our own roof will dramatically improve our ability to serve our customers in a wide range of areas from logistics and flow of goods to new product development.
The Brilliant Distinctions[R] Program through Allergan[R] that allows Winter Park Laser clients to receive points on every eligible purchase and treatment of Botox Cosmetic[R], Juvederm Ultra Plus XC[R], Juvederm Voluma[R], Skinmedica[R] chemical peels or products and Latisse[R] with employees Kathryn Bies PA-C, Renee Weeden PA-C, and Leslie Starner Medical Aesthetician.
Brilliant Group offers a world-class range of high-quality daylight fluorescent pigments, colorants, dispersions, and paint and ink concentrates to the global marketplace.
Oliver Fibbs comes from a brilliant family: his mother is a brilliant brain surgeon; his father is a brilliant architect; his twin sisters are brilliant dancers and his little brother is a brilliant mathematician and chess player.
WRITER Alistair McDowall, originally from the North East, brings his Bruntwood Prize for Playwriting winning play Brilliant Adventures to Live Theatre from tonight until June 15 as part of the venue's 40th birthday celebrations.
East Ayrshire RIVER City - brilliant acting, brilliant storylines, brilliant music, pure dead brilliant.
And with your favourite puzzles and brilliant columnists including Fiona Phillips, Tony Parsons and Nadia Sawalha, it's clear why tomorrow's Mirror is unbeatable.