brilliant

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brilliant

1. (of a colour) having a high saturation and reflecting a considerable amount of light; vivid
2. Music (of the tone of an instrument) having a large proportion of high harmonics above the fundamental

Brilliant

 

a diamond that has been cut to a specific form (the so-called brilliant cut), with a specific number of facets, bringing out the maximum natural brilliance of the stone. Such a cut is also applied to other stones, such as rock crystal and topaz. The form of the brilliant cut is a combination of two pyramids, one of which (the upper) is truncated. The facets of the crown and pavilion are arranged in several tiers. A triple tier is common (the so-called triple brilliant cut). In classical gem cutting, the diamond has 56 lateral facets. The facets are placed in such a way that a parallel light beam falling on the surface of the gem is subjected to total reflection within the diamond. The light thus reflected is refracted into the rays of the spectrum because of the high light dispersion in the diamond. Thus, in reflected light a brilliant sparkles with all the colors of the rainbow.

Brilliants are used in jewelry making: they are mounted in settings of precious metals, either singly (most often in rings, earrings, and cufflinks) or in groups, forming separate elements or the entire basis of the composition of a piece of jewelry (such as a brooch or tiara). Brilliants adorn certain metals and higher orders of distinction (such as the Order of Victory and the Marshal’s Star). The mass of a brilliant is measured in carats.

IU. D. AKSENTON

brilliant

A term used to describe armaments that are not only smart (i.e., capable of precision guidance) but that can be reprogrammed in air, if required. Brilliant munitions guide themselves to the target without any external guidance or inputs.

Brilliant

One of five pedagogical languages based on Markov algorithms, used in ["Nonpareil, a Machine Level Machine Independent Language for the Study of Semantics", B. Higman, ULICS Intl Report No ICSI 170, U London (1968)].

See also Diamond, Nonpareil, Pearl, Ruby.
References in periodicals archive ?
Duterte, Brilliante, a former councilor and vice mayor of Makati City, said they welcomed the criticism.
The land was auctioned off by Brilliante Realty Corp.
Jivee Tolentino and Rex Brilliantes checked in less than three hours later at 105:09 to share second spot, while Cebu-born Roselle Abajo finished in 119:32, just 28 minutes before the cutoff time of 120 hours.
Brilliantes said that out of the 300 MSMs they checked, nine were found positive of HIV and out of the 5,000 total screened in the city, 12 were found positive of the infection, including a mother and child.
Comelec chair Sixto Brilliantes in an interview by the ANC cable news channel, said the decision rejecting Lim and Risos-Vidal's appeal questioning the legitimacy of Estrada's 2013 candidacy for Manila mayor, had been expected.
He wrote popular tub-thumpers for his own performance and two of them appear here, Introduction et Variations Brilliantes and the Grand Variations on Rule Britannia, which must have gone down a bomb in Hastings when first heard there.
The importance of such observations also underlie the ethnographically dense essays of Michael Pinches and Alex Brilliantes on two distinct squatter settlements in Metro Manila as well as those of Raul Pertierra on Ilocos Sur and Fernando Zialcita on Ilocos Norte.
Likhaan introduced me to brilliant Filipino poets and writers, like Ricky de Ungria, Gregorio Brilliantes and Gilda Cordero-Fernando,' recalls Arenas.
Prior to his retirement last week, Comelec Chairman Sixto Brilliantes forged a contract with Smartmatic-TIM to refurbish the PCOS machines and to repair them if necessary.
We told them that they have to vacate their positions until they have already complied with the submission of election expenditure and contribution reports," Sixto Brilliantes, chair of the Commission on Elections (Comelec), said during a press briefing.
According to Commission on Elections (Comelec) Chair Sixto Brilliantes Jr, his department is ready for the conduct of the community polls given the administrative and security aspects involved in the conduct of the political exercise.