brilliant

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brilliant

1. (of a colour) having a high saturation and reflecting a considerable amount of light; vivid
2. Music (of the tone of an instrument) having a large proportion of high harmonics above the fundamental
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Brilliant

 

a diamond that has been cut to a specific form (the so-called brilliant cut), with a specific number of facets, bringing out the maximum natural brilliance of the stone. Such a cut is also applied to other stones, such as rock crystal and topaz. The form of the brilliant cut is a combination of two pyramids, one of which (the upper) is truncated. The facets of the crown and pavilion are arranged in several tiers. A triple tier is common (the so-called triple brilliant cut). In classical gem cutting, the diamond has 56 lateral facets. The facets are placed in such a way that a parallel light beam falling on the surface of the gem is subjected to total reflection within the diamond. The light thus reflected is refracted into the rays of the spectrum because of the high light dispersion in the diamond. Thus, in reflected light a brilliant sparkles with all the colors of the rainbow.

Brilliants are used in jewelry making: they are mounted in settings of precious metals, either singly (most often in rings, earrings, and cufflinks) or in groups, forming separate elements or the entire basis of the composition of a piece of jewelry (such as a brooch or tiara). Brilliants adorn certain metals and higher orders of distinction (such as the Order of Victory and the Marshal’s Star). The mass of a brilliant is measured in carats.

IU. D. AKSENTON

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

brilliant

A term used to describe armaments that are not only smart (i.e., capable of precision guidance) but that can be reprogrammed in air, if required. Brilliant munitions guide themselves to the target without any external guidance or inputs.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

Brilliant

One of five pedagogical languages based on Markov algorithms, used in ["Nonpareil, a Machine Level Machine Independent Language for the Study of Semantics", B. Higman, ULICS Intl Report No ICSI 170, U London (1968)].

See also Diamond, Nonpareil, Pearl, Ruby.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
Jewel in the crown: A model wears a striking example of this year's Brilliantly Birmingham profile designer Mikaela Lyons' work.
This year against Kerry, they started and ended brilliantly, but in between Kerry scored 1-9 without reply.
Tusheeta's work is currently on show at the Brilliantly Birmingham jewellery festival which runs until December 21 at the School of Jewellery in Vittoria Street.
"She's done brilliantly this week, and I think all power to her elbow.
GLITZ and sparkle will not be in short supply when the Jewellery Quarter hosts its ninth Brilliantly Birmingham celebration starting next week.
9/10Jungle Formula Cooling Insect Spray (pounds 3.99, supermarkets) Cools and soothes brilliantly. Smells very medicinal - which some kids don't like - but did the job very quickly and is mess-free.
What it does do, and that brilliantly, is to open the reader's eyes to the terrifying works of modern militants and malcontents, and to the cruel little conflicts that somehow escape the attention of the Western media.
A celebration of contemporary jewellery, Brilliantly Birmingham is a series of exhibitions and fairs held across the city throughout November and December.
There's also the Y Files at http://www.yaoifiles.com/, a brilliantly designed site with an X Files-ish "the gay is out there" feel dedicated to reviewing anime with an eye for shounenai, romantic love between boys.
An effort from Charlie Miller was brilliantly tipped for a corner by goalkeeper Gary McGlynn and when Hasney Aljofree sent in the flag-kick the Montrose defence failed to clear and Lauchlan pounced to score.
Ndibe infuses his work with traditional African values, sayings and beliefs that brilliantly parallel the baseness of a corrupt modern state on the brink of ruin.
But at times she paints brilliantly just where she doesn't paint at all.