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name for Solanum melongena, a large-leaved woody perennial shrub (often grown as an annual herb) of the family Solanaceae (nightshadenightshade,
common name for the Solanaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and a few trees of warm regions, chiefly tropical America. Many are climbing or creeping types, and rank-smelling foliage is typical of many species.
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 family), and also cultivated for its ovoid fruit. Native to SE Asia, the eggplant is raised in tropical and (as an annual) in warm climates as a garden vegetable and is a staple in parts of the Middle East. The fruit (a berry, like its relative the tomato) varies in size and may be black, purple, white, green, yellow, or striped. Eggplants are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Polemoniales, family Solanaceae.



(Solanum melongena), a perennial plant of the Solanaceae family. It has a firm stem of up to 100 cm high and more; large leaves with violet inclusions when young; and violet flowers that are either solitary or gathered in racemes. The fruit is a globular, pear-shaped, or cylindrical berry, yellow with brown stripes, white, green, or violet; it weighs from 0.4 to 1 kg. Eggplants like heat and moisture. The best temperature for their growth and development is 20–30° C, and the optimum soil moisture is 80 percent of the full moisture capacity. The plant in the wild form is found in such Southeast Asian countries as India and Burma. It is cultivated in the tropical and subtropical belts. In the USSR, eggplants are grown in open ground primarily in the south: in the Trans-caucasian republics, the south of the RSFSR and Ukrainian SSR, the Moldavian SSR, and Middle Asia. The fruits are harvested when ripe for industrial purposes. They contain dry substances, 7.1–11 percent; sugar, 2.72–4 percent; proteins, 0.6–1.4 percent; fats, 0.1–0.4 percent; and also salts of calcium, phosphorus, and iron, among others. Eggplants are a valuable vegetable for the canning industry (eggplant paste, sauteed eggplant, and other products); the fruits are fried, stewed, marinated, and prepared in other ways.

The yield of eggplant is 15–30 tons per hectare. The most widely distributed varieties include Delikates 163, Donskoi 14, Dlinnyi Fioletovyi 239, Simferopol’skii 105, and Kon-servnyi 10. In countries with subtropical and temperate climates, eggplants are grown as an annual plant by the seedling method. The seeds are planted in hotbeds or greenhouses 45–60 days before transplanting. In the ground the distance between plants within a row is 35–40 cm and the distance between rows is 70 cm. Maintenance consists of hoeing the soil, weeding, watering, feeding, and combating diseases and pests. When grown for seeds, eggplants are cultivated in the same manner as when grown for food uses. Before harvest the seed-bearing plants are carefully selected and the sick plants removed. The seed yield is 0.5–1.5 centners per hectare. Pests that attack eggplants include tarnished plant bug and mole crickets. The diseases include dry rot, phytophthora, and wilting.


Gazenbush, V. L. “Baklazhany.” In Sorta ovoshchnykh kul’tur SSSR. Edited by D. D. Brezhnev. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.



Solanum melongena. A plant of the order Polemoniales grown for its edible egg-shaped, fleshy fruit.


1. a tropical Old World solanaceous plant, Solanum melongena, widely cultivated for its egg-shaped typically dark purple fruit
2. the fruit of this plant, which is cooked and eaten as a vegetable
References in periodicals archive ?
Seeds of brinjal cultivars were grown in experimental field of Institute of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore.
This study was carried out to screen different brinjal varieties to identify varieties resistant to BSFB.
Chemical control (confidor/Diamond) showed its superiority in effect to combat sucking insect pests studied in brinjal, followed by Neem extract, Tobacco extract, Eucalyptus extract and untreated control remained the least.
It is increasingly becoming clear that like Bt brinjal during UPA regime, GM mustard has also become a victim of political vacillations.
Brinjal was grown into earthen pots containing 240 mL formalin sterilized sandy loam soil (72% sand, 17% silt and 8% clay) (Safdar et al.
This is believed to be one of the major reasons of higher values of pesticides residues in okra and brinjal [8].
Traders said vegetable nurseries of tomato, brinjal, chillies, cauliflower and cabbage have been destroyed across Gujarat and Maharashtra and that has led to a rise in prices in Delhi.
Seven different growing media River soil (100 (Percent) , Farm yard manure (100 (Percent) , Poultry manure (100 (Percent) , River soil + Farm yard manure (50:50), River soil + Poultry manure (50:50), Farm yard manure + Poultry manure (50:50) and River soil + Farm yard manure + Poultry manure (33:33:33) were used to check the growth and yield of brinjal.
He said his position on Bt Brinjal was determined by the positions of state governments and the lack of consensus within the scientific community.
But Monsanto is still stealing native crops, including brinjal, and quietly working on GM varieties of them in test fields, which is a clear violation of India's Biological Diversity Act (BDA).
Kumar initiated the work on Bt brinjal in India in 1994, even before the Maharashtra hybrid seeds company (Mahyco) thought of developing Bt cotton, by licensing it from agricultural company Monsanto.
The pest damages as much as 95 per cent of brinjal crops, according to the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA), a body that counts Monsanto and Bayer Crop Science among its donors, as also respected Indian agricultural scientist M.